地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 19-29.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.01.19

• • 上一篇    下一篇

建立中国自由贸易区的政治地理学理论基础及模式选择

孟广文()   

  1. 天津师范大学城市与环境科学学院/天津师范大学自由经济区研究所,天津 300387
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-15 修回日期:2014-11-19 出版日期:2015-01-15 发布日期:2015-01-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孟广文(1960-),男,天津人,教授,博士,主要从事经济地理、空间规划和德国人文地理研究。E-mail:gwmeng98@hotmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171102)、国家自然基金国际合作与交流项目(413101012)、天津市哲学社会科学2008年度重点项目(TJYY08-063)资助

Establishment and Model Selection of Free Trade Zones in China Based on Graduated Sovereignty and Policy Geographical Differentiation

Guang-wen MENG()   

  1. School of Urban and Environmental Science/Institute of Free Economics Zone, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, 300387, China
  • Received:2014-06-15 Revised:2014-11-19 Online:2015-01-15 Published:2015-01-15

摘要:

依据分级主权管理和政策空间分异理论分析中国分级主权管理和政策空间分异的现状,阐述中国建立自由贸易区的理论基础,提出中国建立自由贸易区的结构和区位模式,并分析论证天津自由贸易区和自由港城的规划与建设模式和路径。从理论层面,中国本来实施的就是分级主权管理政策,而事实上也存在分级主权管理的各类型特区,因此,无论是从理论上还是在实践上,建立“境内关外”型自由贸易区只不过是中国分级主权管理政策在经济领域内的新发展和新探索。中国贸易型自由经济区应包括保税区、边境贸易区、自由贸易区、自由港、自由市或自由城。应以“珠三角”、“长三角”和“环渤海地区”为重点,逐渐向边境口岸和内部节点地区扩展,分阶段有选择的建立自由贸易区,以促进区域经济中心和世界城市的形成与发展。环渤海区域选择天津保税港区为基础建立自由贸易区具有综合竞争优势。

关键词: 自由经济区, 自由贸易区, 分级主权管理, 政策空间分异, 天津东疆自由贸易港区, 上海自由贸易试验区

Abstract:

The Special Zone is the economic, political and military zone with special objectives inside or outside a country, or cross border area by sharing economic incentives and administrative privileges. As the basis for political and military zones, Chinese economic special zones, specially Chinese trade-based free economic zone, such as bonded zone, bonded logistic zone and bonded port zone, not only responds to changes in the global economic and trade patterns, deepen the reform and opening up, and promote the economic restructuring, but also faces the theoretical predicament of the further development and transformation. Moreover, few studies focus on the model selection and theoretical basis on the establishment of free trade zones in China. Therefore, based on graduated sovereignty theory and policy geographical differentiation, this paper analyzes the current situation of graduated sovereignty and policy spatial division of China, and formulates the theoretical foundation, the types and spatial model of China’s establishing free trade zone with the development model and path of free trade zone and free port city in Tianjin. The study suggests that China has already been implementing the hierarchical management policy based on graduated sovereignty theory, and in fact, there are various types of graduated sovereignty. Therefore, the establishment of free trade zone with enclave customs territory is just new development and exploration of China's grating sovereignty in the economic field both theoretically and practically. The model of Chinese trade-based free economic zone shall include bonded warehouse zones, cross-border trade zone, free trade zones, free trade port zone, free ports, and free city. For promoting the formation and development of world city, free trade zones should be established step by step by focusing on "Zhujiang River Delta", "Changjiang River Delta" and "Bohai Bay Rim" and gradually extended to border crossing and nodes on the mainland area. Tianjin Dongjiang Free Trade Zone should be a competitive location choice in Bohai Bay Rim. Thus, this study will not only enrich the theories, and but also will be benefit for model selection of the establishment of free trade zones in China.

Key words: free economic zone, free trader zone, graduated sovereignty theory, policy geographical differentiation, Tianjin Dongjiang free trade port, Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone

中图分类号: 

  • K901