地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 47-55.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.01.47

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空间生产视角下的旅游地空间研究范式转型——基于空间涌现性的空间研究新范式

黄剑锋1,2, 陆林1()   

  1. 1.安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院/旅游发展与规划研究中心,安徽 芜湖 241002
    2.复旦大学旅游学系,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-12 修回日期:2014-12-19 出版日期:2015-01-15 发布日期:2015-01-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄剑锋(1982-),男,安徽宣城人,博士研究生,讲师,主要从事旅游地空间生产与旅游城市化研究。E-mail:hjfengy@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)、国家自然科学基金项目(41401153)资助

The Paradigm Transformation of Space in Tourism Destination From Perspective of Production of Space: A New Paradigm of Space Based on Emergence of Space

Jian-feng HUANG1,2, Lin LU1()   

  1. 1.College of Territorial Resources and Tourism/ Research Center for Tourism Development and Planning, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241002, China
    2.Department of Tourism, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2014-11-12 Revised:2014-12-19 Online:2015-01-15 Published:2015-01-15

摘要:

面对中国经济、社会转型的实践背景和地理学“文化转向”、社会学“空间转向”的理论背景,空间生产为旅游地空间研究提供了新的重要视角,推动着旅游地空间研究范式的转型。在认识旅游地空间系统性的基础上,界定了空间涌现性的概念,提出了空间生产视角下的旅游地空间研究新范式。这一新范式主要表现在:① 新的空间研究视角,厘清旅游地空间生产研究的理论逻辑和学科理路;② 新的空间观,树立以内涵复杂性、尺度嵌套性、过程非守恒性为核心特征的新的旅游地涌现空间观,实现空间认识从要素到系统、从简单环境系统到过程系统再到复杂耦合系统的转变;③ 新的空间研究路径,更加注重社会空间、微观解构、尺度转换;④ 新的空间研究框架,遵循“过程-格局-机制”的研究路线,建立复杂系统涌现空间研究框架,开展多尺度、多类型旅游地空间生产的系统研究。空间生产视角下的旅游地空间研究范式转型,将有助于拓展旅游地理学研究视角和范式,增强旅游地理学对中国旅游发展实践的响应和指导。

关键词: 旅游地, 空间, 研究范式转型, 空间生产, 空间涌现性, 人地关系地域系统

Abstract:

The new requirement for tourism geography has been proposed based on the practical background of China’s economic and social transformation and the theoretical background of the “cultural turn” in geography and the “spatial turn” in sociology. As the important evolution kernel of human-environment system in tourism destination, the production of space provides an important and new perspective for space research in tourism destination and would promote the paradigm transformation of space in tourism destination. Based on the recognition of systematization of space in tourism destination, the concept of emergence of space was defined, and a new paradigm of space in tourism destination from the perspective of production of space was proposed in this article. This new paradigm would be mainly manifested: 1) A new perspective for space research. The disciplinary context and theoretical logic of the research of production of space in tourism destination would be clarified; 2) A new space view. The new space view of emergence with the core characteristics of connotation complexity, scale nesting and non-conservation would be set up, and the cognition of space would be transformed from element to system and further from the simple environment system to the process system then to the complex coupling system; 3) A new approach of space research. More attention would be given to social space, microscopic dimension and scaling; 4) A new framework of space research. The research framework of emergence of complex space system would be founded based on the research route of “process-pattern-mechanism”, and the production of space in typical destinations with different scales and types would be studied systematically. The paradigm transformation of space in tourism destination from the perspective of production of space would develop the research perspective and paradigm of tourism geography and enhance the response and guidance of tourism geography to China’s tourism development.

Key words: tourism destination, space, paradigm transformation, production of space, emergence of space, human-environment system

中图分类号: 

  • K90