地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 1318-1324.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.010.1318

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巢湖沉积物粒度特征及其沉积学意义

徐利强1(), 徐芳2, 周涛发1   

  1. 1.合肥工业大学资源与环境工程学院,安徽 合肥 230009
    2.合肥工业大学医学工程学院,安徽 合肥 230009
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-16 修回日期:2014-06-21 出版日期:2015-10-25 发布日期:2015-10-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:徐利强(1984-),河北魏县人,博士,副教授,主要从事生态环境演化研究。E-mail: xlq@hfut.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金(2014M550338)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2013bh2x0026)和国家自然科学基金(41402148、21207031)资助

Grain-size Features of Lacustrine Sediments from Chaohu Lake and Its Sedimentary Implications

Li-qiang XU1(), Fang XU2, Tao-fa ZHOU1   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, Anhui 230009, China
    2. School of Medical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, Anhui 230009, China
  • Received:2014-03-16 Revised:2014-06-21 Online:2015-10-25 Published:2015-10-25

摘要:

对采自西巢湖湖心的一根长为143 cm的沉积柱进行了粒度分析,重建了粒度组成的演变过程。湖心沉积物主要为粉砂和黏土,粒度参数(平均粒径、标准偏差、偏度、尖度、分维值)分析表明沉积物分选程度较好,均为正偏态,峰态为很窄到非常窄,且具有一定的分形特征。C-M图解和概率累积曲线揭示了较弱的水动力环境,颗粒的搬运方式主要为跃移和悬移,比例分别约为70%和25%~30%。结合因子分析,识别出第一主因子(PC1)对细粒物质含量存在显著影响,其值反映了碎屑物质在湖泊中的搬运距离,PC1因子与平均粒径Mz可作为巢湖湖泊水位的替代性指标。

关键词: 巢湖, 沉积物, 粒度, 分维值, 因子分析

Abstract:

Lacustrine sediments are ideal natural archives for studying environmental changes in the past. A sediment core, namely CHX, was collected from the western Chaohu Lake, east of China and its grain-size features at the intervals of 2 cm were investigated in the present study. The changes of grain-size compositions throughout the profile CHX were reconstructed. Grain size parameters, including mean grain-size (Mz), standard deviation (Sd), skewness (Sk) and kurtosis (Ku) were calculated. It is found that those sediments are mainly composed of fine grained silt and clay. Mz, Sd, Sk and Ku and fractal dimension of the sediments suggest that those deposits were well to very well sorted, positive to very positive-skewed, very to extremely leptokurtic and also show evident fractal features. C-M pattern and probability cumulative curve of the sediments from core CHX unveiled an low-energy environment, and revealed that grains move in the major forms of saltation and suspension, which accounts for about 70% and 25%~30%, respectively. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to identify controlling factors for grain size features of sediments from the Chaohu Lake. From principal component analysis, it is identified that the first principal component (PC1) controls fine-grained clay content in the bulk sediments and further reflects the offshore distance of detritus in the lake. PC1 and mean grain-size Mz are thus robust markers for lake water level and local precipitation. These sediments can be further used to reconstruct regional precipitation history.

Key words: Chaohu Lake, sediments, grain size, fractal dimension, factor analysis

中图分类号: 

  • P532