地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (11): 1364-1371.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.011.1364

• • 上一篇    下一篇

家的解码:空间句法对家空间研究的内容与方法

陶伟(), 丁传标   

  1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院/文化产业与文化地理研究中心 ,广东 广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-25 修回日期:2015-06-03 出版日期:2015-11-20 发布日期:2015-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陶 伟(1971-),女,河南平顶山人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为城市形态理论与方法、城市旅游与遗产保护。E-mail:muyang426@hotmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271178、41401141);广东省自然科学基金项目(s2013040014210)资助

Decoding Homes: Application of Space Syntax to Content and Methods of Home Space

Wei TAO(), Chuan-biao DING   

  1. Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography Research Center,School of Geography,South China Normal University, Guangzhou ,Guangdong 510631, China
  • Received:2014-12-25 Revised:2015-06-03 Online:2015-11-20 Published:2015-11-20

摘要:

家是地理学透视社会现象的窗口,家空间是地理学关注人地关系的微观尺度。作为住宅建筑与其居住主体发生联系的空间系统,家空间内部的组构差异可以反映不同的社会文化逻辑。空间句法作为一种定量分析城市形态的理论方法,在研究家空间形态与其社会文化逻辑关系时兼具定量和定性分析的优势。国外运用空间句法对家(family、home、house)空间的研究已日益成熟,而国内的相关工作却尚未涉及。首先阐述空间句法对家研究的基本过程与思路;其次,基于对国外相关研究的梳理、分析后,从家的“基因型”、家的“恒定”与“转换” 、家的“二元性”3个方面进行了归纳和总结,发现空间句法中的“空间”与传统地理学中的“空间”既不同又互补;不同民族文化、生活方式与其家空间之间存在组构关系;相同文化背景下家空间的组构具有时代性。地理学对家空间的关注一直比较薄弱,空间句法对家空间的研究为探究人与其居住空间之关系提供了新的视角。

关键词: 家, 空间, 文化逻辑, 空间句法

Abstract:

Home is a special point to view the social phenomenon, and home space is a micro scale to show man-land relationship by geographer. As the spatial system, which connects the housing architecture and the dwelling subjects, the difference of internal structure and organization display the different logic of cultures and societies.Architecture is a physical carrier of reflecting and inheriting culture, which contains rich meanings of culture, customs and rules.Through the study of living space form, we can peep the social change from microperspective. Space syntax theory, which is a quantitative means to analysis the urban morphology, can combine the quantitative and qualitative methods to research the spatial formation of home and its social cultural logic. In English literature, the concerned researches of home with the space syntax is increasingly mature, however, few researches in China adopt this research approach. This article firstly discusses the basic process and approach of the space syntax on home based on the space syntax international conference articles and published articles of journal of space syntax. Secondly, bases on the review of the concerned articles to summary in three subways-gene of home, home genre、 the "constant" and "conversion" of home、the duality of the home, to discover the difference and similarity of space in space syntax and traditional geography .We can get the following conclusions. The space syntax is not equal to the definition of space in human geography. Geography emphasizes the spatial distribution in the general case, and space syntax emphasizes the space ontology, those two definition is different and interacted. The configuration relationship exists between the different national cultures and lifestyles and their own home spaces, based on configuration, the home space constructs specific behaviors, communication interface, communication opportunities, so as to adapt to the needs of different social culture and behavior model. The configuration of home space under the same culture contains the obvious generational features. In the process of globalization and modernization, the home space maintains a constant with the traditions, a transformation to show innovation. The spatial boundary of internal and outside holy and civic, owner and visitor, female and male are constructed by the configuration of home.

Key words: home, space, culture logic, space syntax

中图分类号: 

  • K901