地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (11): 1397-1403.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.011.1397

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旅游驱动下的张家界交通运输响应机制分析

王兆峰1,2(), 罗瑶2,3   

  1. 1.湖南师范大学旅游学院,湖南 长沙 410006
    2.吉首大学商学院,湖南 吉首 416000
    3.广西民族师范学院,广西 崇左 532200
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-10 修回日期:2015-03-21 出版日期:2015-11-20 发布日期:2015-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王兆峰(1965-),男,白族,湖南桑植人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游地理研究。E-mail:jdwzf@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41261032、41461032)、教育部新世纪人才支持计划项目(NCET-10-0166)、湖南省自然科学基金(14JJ2012)、湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(11JL09、12YBA261)、湖南省教育厅科学研究项目(12C0318、14K079)资助

The Transportation Industry Response Mechanism Driven by the Tourism in Zhangjiajie

Zhao-feng WANG1,2(), Yao LUO2,3   

  1. 1.College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan 410006, China
    2.Business School, Jishou University, Jishou, Hunan 416000, China
    3.Guangxi Normal University for Nationalities,Chongzuo, Guangxi 532200, China
  • Received:2014-07-10 Revised:2015-03-21 Online:2015-11-20 Published:2015-11-20

摘要:

构建旅游驱动下的张家界交通运输响应模型,提出交通运输通过增加投资响应旅游业发展,并引入旅游交通响应强度的概念,利用张家界1998~2011年相关统计数据,从静态和动态分析了张家界旅游交通响应强度的影响机制。结果发现:1998~2011年张家界旅游交通响应系数总体上呈上升趋势。这种上升趋势主要来源于区域经济发展水平、交通建设基础、旅游资源开发的空间结构、旅游产业地位4个主要因素的影响共同作用所生成地交通运输对旅游业发展的响应机制。

关键词: 旅游驱动, 旅游交通, 响应模型, 响应机制, 张家界

Abstract:

Based on pressure-state-response (PSR) analysis theory framework, the article establishes a concept model to analyze mechanism of transportation response in tourism development. In it, firstly the conception of “the coefficient of tourism traffic intensity of the response” was brought in, secondly the Zhangjiajie transportation response model driven by tourism was set up, and finally the path was put forward that the regional tourism development puts a certain pressure on the development of transportation, and the transportation construction must respond to tourism development by increasing investment mechanism and cater to tourism development. Thus, tourism and transportation form a coordinated development of the relationship. Using the relevant regional statistical data from 1998 to 2011, we analyze the regional tourism traffic intensity of response through the model and response measure. The study finds that the coefficient of this regional tourism traffic response, on the whole, shows a rising trend from 1998 to 2011, which means that the coupling degree of tourism system and transportation system in this area shows an increasing trend, and the impact of tourism development on traffic construction investment are enhancing through the establishment of mechanism analysis model. This article further explores the influence of regional tourism traffic intensity of response mechanism, and the result is that this upward trend is influenced by four main factors including the regional economic development level, traffic construction foundation, the spatial structure of tourism resource development, and tourism industry status. Given that, the four ones, which work together, generate the response mechanism for the development of tourism.

Key words: tourism to drive, tourism transportation, responding model, response mechanism, Zhangjiajie

中图分类号: 

  • F590.3