地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (11): 1404-1411.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.011.1404

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边缘型地区旅游发展的居民环境认同与旅游支持——以泸沽湖景区为例

路幸福1,2(), 陆林2   

  1. 1.安徽师范大学历史与社会学院,安徽 芜湖 241003
    2.安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241003
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-01 修回日期:2015-06-25 出版日期:2015-11-20 发布日期:2015-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:路幸福(1980-),男,安徽寿县人,博士研究生,讲师,研究方向为旅游地理与旅游社会学。E-mail:lxf058@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(10CSH018)资助

Residents’ Environmental Identity and Support for Tourism Development of Peripheral Areas:A Case Study of Lugu Lake Scenic Spot

Xing-fu LU1,2(), Lin LU2   

  1. 1.School of History and Sociology, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241003, China
    2.School of Territorial Resource and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241003, China
  • Received:2014-12-01 Revised:2015-06-25 Online:2015-11-20 Published:2015-11-20

摘要:

边缘型地区旅游开发较晚,因生态环境和经济环境比较脆弱,容易受到来自现代化各种因素的影响,环境认同与边缘型地区旅游发展的支持具有相关性,并且环境认同也会影响居民对旅游影响的态度,进而影响旅游支持度。以泸沽湖为例,采用封闭式问卷调查法与结构式访谈法收集居民环境认同、旅游影响的态度和旅游支持的资料,并对数据进行回归分析。结果发现边缘型地区旅游地居民的环境认同较高,对旅游发展持相对谨慎的态度;边缘型地区居民的旅游支持还取决于居民对旅游积极影响的态度,而不是对消极影响的态度;居民对旅游的文化积极影响关注度略大于旅游经济影响。因此,边缘型地区的旅游发展要避免一些核心地区旅游发展过程中的环境破坏、过度商业化等问题,以环境保护为前提,以旅游利益共享为原则,统筹规划,实现旅游可持续发展。

关键词: 边缘型地区, 环境认同, 旅游支持, 泸沽湖景区

Abstract:

Peripheral areas are far away from the centre of population and economy, and at a disadvantage in the development of many fields. Many of these areas are characterized by lower agricultural income, less population, shortage of local investment and so on. Because of the fragile ecological environment and economic environment, later tourism developments and also easily affected by various factors from modernization, these areas have attracted domestic and foreign tourism researchers’ much attention in resent years. The article assumes that environmental identity significantly correlates to residents’ identity of tourism development in these areas, and it will influence attitudes to tourism impacts and residents’ support. This is of great importance to fragile environment in peripheral areas, and then it would facilitate the residents’ support for tourism to be a strong development momentum the tourism sustainable development. The study takes Lugu Lake as a typical case of tourism destination of peripheral areas. The methods of closed questionnaire and structured interview are adopted to collect information of residents’ environmental identity, attitudes of tourism impact and support. Subjects were those administrative villages or natural villages around the lake with developed tourism. Multistage sampling is adopted to select households and then respondents. Semantic differential scale consisted of seven bipolar statements were used to measure environmental recognition, responses range from 1 to 5. 1 represents agreement with one bipolar statement and 5 reflected agreement with the other extreme. And attitudes to tourism impacts and support were measured by 22 items asking residents their level of attitudes and support with specific forms of tourism development on a 1-5 Likert scaling where 1 represented ‘strongly disagree’ and 5 represented ‘strongly agree’. To detect scale dimensionality, an exploratory factor analysis with principal component method was conducted for each construct. And then stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to test the proposed model and hypothesized relationships. Results indicate that there is a direct negative relationship between environmental identity and residents’ attitudes towards the positive impacts of tourism, and a positive relationship between residents’ attitudes to the positive impacts of tourism and residents’ support for tourism, and a directly negative relationship between environmental identity and residents’ support for tourism. The main reason lies in the high environmental identity and residents’ stronger attitudes to the positive impacts of tourism. Findings confirm that residents’ environmental identity of these areas is relatively high, and residents remain relatively cautious on the development of tourism. The residents’ support for tourism also depends on the attitude of residents towards positive impact on tourism, instead of negative attitude. Residents’ attention on the positive impact of tourism on culture is slightly larger than the economic impact of tourism. Therefore, the tourism development of peripheral areas should avoid some issues such as environmental damage and excessive commercialization in the tourism development process of the central areas, and take environmental protection, shared interests, and overall planning as principles to achieve sustainable development of tourism.

Key words: peripheral areas, environmental identity, residents’ support for tourism, Lugu Lake Scenic Spot

中图分类号: 

  • F592