地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (12): 1495-1501.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.012.1495

• •    下一篇

中国人居环境的地理尺度研究

李雪铭1,2(), 田深圳1()   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,辽宁 大连116029
    2.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-25 修回日期:2015-06-09 出版日期:2015-01-20 发布日期:2015-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李雪铭(1964-),男,江苏常熟人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市人居环境。E-mail:lixueming999@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171137);教育部博士点基金项目(20132136110001);辽宁省优秀人才支持计划(901214)资助

The Geographic Scale of Human Settlements in China

Xue-ming LI1,2(), Shen-zhen TIAN1()   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116029, China
    2. Centre for Marine Economy and Sustainable Development Research, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116029,China
  • Received:2014-10-25 Revised:2015-06-09 Online:2015-01-20 Published:2015-01-20

摘要:

人居环境是与人居活动、人居文化密切相关的地表空间。总结了国内学者开展人居环境研究的现状,尝试对人居环境研究的地理尺度进行划分,对不同地理尺度下人居环境的内涵、研究内容、研究主体、研究方法以及人居环境与其他学科的相关性研究等方面进行系统梳理。人居环境的研究方向日益综合化、系统化、微观化;人居环境的资料搜集、数据获取、模型方法日益现代化、信息化、虚拟化;同时也存在一些不足,如不同地理尺度人居环境的概念并不统一、人居环境的过程与机理研究不足。据此提出了未来不同地理尺度人居环境的研究动向及前瞻趋势。

关键词: 人居环境, 地理尺度, 国内, 评述, 研究动向

Abstract:

In the past several decades, China experienced reform and the opening up of the economy and society, acceleration of urbanization, at the same time, the emergency of complex issues in urban and regional is always existing, there is a pressing need to revisit the traditional concept and academic practices concerning human settlements. Human settlements are the earth's surface space which is closely related to human activities, human culture. Based on a review of domestic scholars’ research on human settlements, we attempt to adopt geographic scale division in the research of human settlements, and we systematically summarize the connotation, research contents, research subjects and research methods in different geographic scale of human settlements, as well as the correlation studies of human settlements and other disciplines. It is made as an overall view that: 1)The research direction of human settlements increasingly integrated, systematic, microstructure; 2)The data collection, data acquisition, model method of human settlements increasingly modern, information technology, virtualization; 3)At the same time, there are also some shortcomings, such as the concept of different geographic scale of human settlements are not uniform, the study of process mechanism of human settlements is inadequate. Accordingly we proposed some research trends and future perspective for the study on geographic scale of human settlements.

Key words: human settlements, geographic scale, domestic, commentary, research trends

中图分类号: 

  • P95