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### 中国农村人口省际流动研究——基于第六次人口普查数据

1. 1.河南财经政法大学资源与环境学院,河南 郑州 450046
2.中原经济区“三化”协调发展河南省协同创新中心,河南 郑州 450046
3.河南大学环境与规划学院,河南 开封 475004
• 收稿日期:2014-11-06 修回日期:2015-03-02 出版日期:2015-01-20 发布日期:2015-01-20
• 作者简介:

作者简介：高更和（1962-）,男,河南洛阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为农户地理与农区发展。E-mail:gaogenghe@163.com

• 基金资助:
国家自然科学基金资助项目（41271192、41201177、41201131）、教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目（12YJA840006）、河南省哲学社会科学规划项目（2012BSH008）资助

### China's Rural Population Inter-provincial Flow：Based on the Sixth Nationwide Population Census Data

Geng-he GAO1,2(), Qing LUO1, Xin-sheng FAN1, Er-ling LI3, Xiao-jian LI1

1. 1.School of Resources and Environment, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou, Henan 450046, China
2.Henan Collaborative Innovation Center for Coordinating Industrialization, Urbanization and Agriculture Modernization in Central Economic Zone, Zhengzhou, Henan 450046, China
3. School of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475004, China
• Received:2014-11-06 Revised:2015-03-02 Online:2015-01-20 Published:2015-01-20

Abstract:

Rural population flow is a main component of China's population flow and has an important impact on the spatial pattern of China's population and regional economic and social development. Based on the sixth nationwide population census data in 2010, this study analyses China's rural population inter-provincial flow by the method of rural population effective flow rate and rural population flow index. The conclusion can be drawn as follows. 1）Rural population flow index on the basis of effective flow rate can show both the direction and the strength of the rural population flow. Furthermore, it can be easily used to compare different regions’ rural population flow. The rural population index is a scientific method and indicator to study the rural population flow. 2）On the whole, rural population effective flow shows the trend of flowing from central China and southwest China to the coast and the border. Effective flow rate has a weak spatial correlation to the whole, and the regional low-low value clusters are mainly located in Hubei, Hunan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Yunnan and so on. 3）The positive value regions of rural population flow index are mainly located in the southern coastal region, east coastal area, Beijing, Tianjin and Xinjiang, etc. The negative value regions are mainly concentrated in the central China and the southwest China. The rural population flow from the negative value regions into the positive value regions constitutes the main flow direction and the flow path of the rural population. 4）Rural population flow index is significantly negatively correlated with the total population and outflow stock and is significantly positively correlated with the total economy and the inflow stock of rural population. The essence of rural population flow is the response to the rural population pressure. In the selection of flow destinations, flow networks and the flow inertia have universal significance in the specific social context of China.

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