地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (12): 1542-1550.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.012.1542

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转型期合肥城市社会空间结构演变(1982~2000年)

李传武1,2(), 张小林3   

  1. 1.盐城师范学院城市与资源环境学院,江苏 盐城 224051
    2.皖西学院资源环境与旅游管理学院,安徽 六安 237012
    3.南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-11 修回日期:2015-09-20 出版日期:2015-01-20 发布日期:2015-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李传武(1974-),男,安徽寿县人,博士,副教授,主要从事区域发展与城乡规划研究。E-mail:lichuanwu100@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金(14BSH036),教育部人文社科基金(11YJC790077),江苏省高校自然科学研究项目(12KJB170013)资助

Socio-spatial Structure of Hefei and Its Evolution During the Transitional Period:1982-2000

Chuan-wu LI1,2(), Xiao-lin ZHANG3   

  1. 1.Urban and Resource Environment Institute of Yancheng Teachers College, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224051,China
    2. Resources,Environment and Tourism Management ,Lu'an, Anhui 217012,China
    3.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008,China
  • Received:2014-12-11 Revised:2015-09-20 Online:2015-01-20 Published:2015-01-20

摘要:

以第3次和第5次人口普查数据为基础数据,采用因子分析和聚类分析的方法,研究了1982~2000年近20 a间合肥城市社会空间结构演变特征。结果表明,近20 a合肥城市社会空间结构的影响因子、社会区类型、模式及其形成机制均发生了显著变化。1982 年合肥城市社会空间结构简单,主要分布在一环以内,其中环城路(城墙遗址)内老城区的社会区高度同质,环城路与一环路之间的社会区呈扇形分布,形成以老城区为核心的“单核+扇形”模式;2000 年城市社会区分异趋于复杂,社会空间重构显著。老城区的社会区分异显著,多个新的“飞地型”社会区出现,形成以老城区为中心的“圈层+扇形+飞地型”模式。最后从合肥省会效应、城市规划与旧城改造、工业化与市场驱动力、户籍制度改革等方面探讨了形成机制。

关键词: 社会空间结构, 社会区, 因子分析, 合肥

Abstract:

The urban socio-spatial structure study was originated in the Chicago School in the 1920s,which has been an important research topic since the rise of school of Human Ecology. Western developed countries have formed a relatively complete theoretical system based on a large number of empirical cases of urban socio-spatial structure,which promote the development of the western geography,urban sociology and urban planning studies. But the theoretical system are mostly based on the premise of the capitalist system,it can not be copied in China .In China, cities are undergoing a socio-spatial reconstruction process with the Reform and Opening-up policy implemented,which has been an important issue. The study of evolution of the urban socio-spatial reconstruction process has become an urgent task to provide a scientific basis for decision-making of urban planning and government departments. In comparison with western countries,the study on urban social geography in China is still far behind. Theoretical framework of urban social geography has been in the initial research stage because the small number of empirical case studies in China. In this article, the research results on urban social areas are rather limited in China during the transitional period:1982-2000.Based on data of the third census of Hefei in1982, the fifth census of Hefei City in 2000, methods of Factor Analysis and Cluster Analysis are used to analyze the social spatial structure of Hefei City .In 1982,the main components of social space in Hefei include:population of workers,political and economic status, population of intellectuals, agricultural population, population of transportations and telecommunications. In 2000,the main factors are revealed:the education and career, immigrant population, urban unemployment population, agricultural population, logistical population. The social areas in Hefei can be divided into several types respectively by cluster analysis in 1982 and 2000.The types of social areas located within the inner-ring road in 1982,and exhibit approximately concentric zonal distribution in 2000.The types of the social spatial structure of Hefei is very simple and in 1982,and tends gradually to be complex in 2000.The model of the social spatial structure of Hefei in 1982 is very simple, which shows single-core and small sector as a whole in the old city area, while the social spatial structure in 2000,which mainly exhibits generally a zonal pattern with the synthesis of sector and enclave,and single-nuclei pattern based on old city area.Finally,the authors hold that the history of urban development, urban planning, urban renewal and industrialization constituted the main formation mechanism.

Key words: social spatial structure, social area, factor analysis, Hefei City

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2