地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 176-182.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.02.176

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旅游上市公司时空态势行业差异研究

柳百萍(), 刘庆广, 韦传慧   

  1. 合肥学院旅游系,安徽 合肥 230601
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-01 修回日期:2014-08-26 出版日期:2015-02-15 发布日期:2015-02-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:柳百萍(1967-),女,安徽肥东人,副教授,主要从事旅游经济和人文地理研究。E-mail: golbp@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社科研究规划基金项目(12YJA790092)资助

Industry Differences of Spatio-temporal Situation About Listed Tourism Companies

Bai-ping LIU(), Qing-guang LIU, Chuan-hui WEI   

  1. Tourism Department of Hefei University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China
  • Received:2014-03-01 Revised:2014-08-26 Online:2015-02-15 Published:2015-02-15

摘要:

采集旅游上市公司样本资料,研究旅游上市公司空间分布、发展变化的行业差异,样本公司分属住宿餐饮业、商务服务业、公共设施管理业。空间分布特征:① 集聚分布,具有“溯源”性。住宿餐饮业、商务服务业分布指向高级别中心城市,北京、深圳2市最集中。公共设施管理业指向高级别旅游吸引物分布地,省区分布非常分散。② 比较中国旅游企事业单位省市排名,旅游上市公司集聚区与旅游企事业单位集中区错位分布。③ 主营业务投资地区分布受行业特征影响,住宿餐饮业、商务服务业投资异地化,分散化;公共设施管理业投资本地化,集聚化。分析样本公司年份区间数量及行业归属变化,得出结论:① 住宿餐饮业、商务服务业行业变化活跃,时间序列间歇式缓慢发展;② 公共设施管理业行业相对稳定,“井喷”后缓慢延续发展。

关键词: 行业差异, 集聚分布, 旅游上市公司

Abstract:

The article collected samples of listed tourism companies with a site in China, to study the industrial differences in spatial distribution and development changes of listed tourism companies. The sample companies belong to three industries respectively, such as accommodation-catering industry, business-services industry and public-facilities management industry. Spatial distribution features include: 1) Aggregated distribution, and the characteristics of “roots”. Distribution of the accommodation-catering industry and the business -services industry points to the high-level center city. Beijing and Shenzhen are the best. Distribution of the public-facilities management industry points to the high-level tourist attractions. Its distribution is very fragmented inter-province. 2) Comparing the ranking of tourism enterprise and institutions inter-province in China. There are dislocation distribution between concentrated areas of listed tourism companies and tourism enterprises clusters. 3) Investment distribution of main business is affected by industry characteristics. Investment of the accommodation-catering industry and the business-services industry is in other places and scattered. On the contrary, investment of the public-facilities management industry is localization and concentration. Analyzing changes of sample companies number and industry attributes, the artide draws some conclusions: 1) Industry attribution change easily in the accommodation-catering industry and the business-services industry. Industry development is slow and discontinuity on the time series. 2) Industry attribution is stable in the public-facilities management industry, and their industry development turns to be slow after “the sudden increase”.

Key words: industry differences, agglomeration distribution, listed tourism companies

中图分类号: 

  • F592