地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 183-189.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.02.183

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滨水区工业遗产保护与城市记忆延续研究——以杭州运河拱宸桥西工业遗产为例

张环宙1,2, 沈旭炜3, 吴茂英1   

  1. 1.浙江大学管理学院, 浙江 杭州310058
    2.浙江外国语学院旅游系,浙江 杭州 310012
    3.杭州市园林文物局,浙江 杭州 310005
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-12 修回日期:2014-06-19 出版日期:2015-02-15 发布日期:2015-02-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张环宙(1971-),女,浙江浦江人,硕士,教授。主要研究方向为人文地理、旅游地理、历史地理。E-mail:zhanghuanzhou@foxmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金(13BSH044)资助

Waterfront Industrial Heritage Protection and Prolonging the Spirit of the City: A Case Study of the Industrial Heritage Area in the West Side of Gongchen Bridge, Hangzhou

Huan-zhou ZHANG1,2, Xu-wei SHEN3, Mao-ying WU1   

  1. 1.School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China
    2.Department of Tourism, Zhejiang International Studies University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310012, China
    3.Hangzhou Grand and Cultural Relics Management Bureau, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310005, China
  • Received:2014-03-12 Revised:2014-06-19 Online:2015-02-15 Published:2015-02-15

摘要:

工业遗产是社会工业文化的重要表征,承载着城市近现代化发展过程中的文化历史景观和记忆,为城市保留和建构了社会公共记忆的空间与素材。产业结构的转型和文脉保护意识的觉醒,使得滨水区遗存和集聚的码头、仓库、工厂成为近现代工业遗产。以杭州运河拱宸桥西工业遗产的博物馆化发展模式为案例,重点解析和梳理了滨水区工业遗产通过形态保护全面化、功能定位平民化、遗产展示活态化、运作机制创新化和展陈手法数字化等措施,有效延续城市记忆。最后,将杭州运河工业遗产的城市记忆延续归纳为“双层模式”,并访谈了多利益主体对其的评价,以期为未来类似研究提供一个比较参考。

关键词: 工业遗产, 城市记忆, 杭州工艺美术博物馆群, 大运河, 城市滨水区, 多利益主体

Abstract:

Industrial heritage is critical representation of the industrial civilization. It carries the memory of the modernization process of the city, and provides precious foundations for city renewal and brand building. The transform of industrial structure and the rising awareness of heritage protection make the waterfront docks, garages, and old factories become important industrial heritages. Based on a review of industrial heritage and the spirit of the city, this study uses the industrial heritage area on the west side of Gongchen Bridge, Hangzhou, which adopts the museum approach and builtds Hangzhou Arts and Crafts Museums, as a case study. It firstly examines the development model and initiatives undertaken by the management team, including the holistic protection model, positioning on the mass audience, live presentation approach, initiative management, and adopting of digital techniques. This study suggests a dual-layer model, including a basic element layer and a supporting element layer, referring to industrial heritage protection and prolonging the spirit of the city in this case. Through in-depth interviews from a view of a city wanderer, this study further assesses different stakeholders’ attitudes towards the museums’ practice in protecting and transferring the industrial heritages. In this case, the adaptive reuse of industrial heritage takes a comprehensive form which integrates partial functions of traditional museum, creativity industry park and leisure tourism place together instead of a single so-called reuse model. Hangzhou Arts and Crafts Museums own its unique lead, innovation and brand, which is bound up with external factors including Hangzhou’s urban renewal concept, leisure tourism environment, cultural industries cultivation, internationalization, etc., and internal factors brought by the Grand Canal (Hangzhou Section) Comprehensive Protection Project. Therefore, empirical model related to this case could be only provided as a reference and comparison, and more effective ways would be found if combined with the trend of urban organic renewal, heritage authenticity protection, industrial chain extension, and human emotional appeal.

Key words: industrial heritage, sprit of the city, Hangzhou Arts and Crafts Museums, the Grand Canal, urban waterfront, multiple stakeholders

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2