地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 299-305.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.03.299

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

转型期长春市服务空间与城市功能空间关系特征研究

郭付友, 陈才, 刘继生, 梁振民   

  1. 东北师范大学地理科学学院, 吉林长春130024
  • 收稿日期:2014-02-17 修回日期:2014-05-25 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘继生,教授。E-mail:Liujs362@nenu.edu.cn E-mail:Liujs362@nenu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:郭付友(1987-),男,山东菏泽人,博士研究生,主要从事区域经济地理研究。E-mail:Guofy945@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    教育部高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20120043110012)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(10SSXT118)资助。

The Relationship Between Service Space and Other Function Space of Changchun City in Transition Period

GUO Fu-you, CHEN Cai, LIU Ji-sheng, LIANG Zhen-min   

  1. College of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024, China
  • Received:2014-02-17 Revised:2014-05-25 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-03-20

摘要:

基于1995 年、2003 年、2008 年长春市土地利用现状图以及2011 年遥感图像和相关年份统计年鉴,结合GIS技术和SPSS 统计工具,综合利用空间重心法、圈层分析法以及轴带扩展度等方法,对转型期长春市服务空间与城市功能空间关系特征进行探讨,结果表明:① 服务地块开发重心空间波动性差异性明显,扩展方式以快速向外推进为主,以内部填充为辅;② 服务地快呈现整体分散、局部集聚态势,且扩展强度增加,服务地块郊区化显现;③ 长春市服务空间扩展与工业空间扩展具有非协调性;服务空间与居住空间整体属于混融状态,但剥离趋势凸现;服务空间"单中心"结构相对于交通空间分散化发展,已表现出滞后趋势。在研究结果的基础上,进一步分析了长春市服务空间与城市功能空间时空特征形成的作用机理。

关键词: 服务空间, 长春市, 转型期, 城市功能空间

Abstract:

The relation between the service space and urban function space is one of the important study topics in geography. Based on the land utilization data of 1995, 2003, 2008, the remote sensing images of Changchun City in 2011 and related statistical yearbooks, combination of GIS and SPSS statistical tools, this article discussed the relations between service space and urban function space during the transition period of Changchun. The results show that: 1) The gravity center of service plot presented volatile clearly, which was located in the southeast from 1995 to 2003, whereas it was located in the northeast during 2003-2008 and in the southwest during 2008-2011. Its extend mode was given priority to quick push outward, while the internal filling was complementary. 2) The service space presented overall diffusion, local concentration, and the expansion intensity was increasing. Suburbanization had appeared by it. On the basis of the previous research, this article attentively analyzed the diversity change characteristics of service plot and its extension mode in different stages, the conclusions demonstrated that: a. the service land parcel changes others distinctly from 2008 to 2011; b. it extended exteriorly in 1995-2003, and simultaneously expanded externally and filled internally in 2003-2008; c. it had layers of distribution and the gradient of the nature in 2008-2011. 3) The service space and industry space Changchun have no coordination. The industry space expansion of Changchun guided the service space expansion on the outer extension of urban function, while the industry space integrated the service space on the inner inversion of urban function. The service space and living space belonged to mixing state as a whole, but the stripping trend had highlighted. Obviously the single center structure of service space had been shown a delay trend to the traffic space expanding outside. 4) The natural environment, economic development level, government plant policy, urban planning and traffic factors jointly impact on the spatio-temporal different characteristics formation of the service space and urban function space in Changchun City.

Key words: the service space, Changchun City, transformation period, urban function space

中图分类号: 

  • F293.2