地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 448-455.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.04.448

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旅游地水足迹测度模型及实证分析

王群(), 吴春柳, 邓洪波, 杨兴柱   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241002
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-14 接受日期:2014-07-16 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    王群(1979-),女,安徽肥西人,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为旅游环境与景区管理。E-mail:junyang110771@163.com

Tourism Water Footprint Model and Empirical Analysis

Qun WANG(), Chun-liu WU, Hong-bo DENG, Xing-zhu YANG   

  1. College of National Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241002, China
  • Received:2014-04-14 Accepted:2014-07-16 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-20

摘要:

水足迹真实反映了一个地区人类生活消费对水资源的占用情况,正确利用旅游地水资源是促进旅游地可持续发展的重要前提。基于G?ssling旅游地水足迹概念模型,立足实体水和虚拟水相结合的视角,从旅游地住宿、餐饮、交通、娱乐、生态5个要素构建了旅游地水足迹测度模型,并对黄山风景区进行实证分析。结果表明:① 2002~2012年间,黄山风景区旅游地水足迹总量由551.15×104m3增加到909.40×104m3,水资源占用呈不断上升趋势。② 餐饮、交通、住宿、生态子足迹在水足迹总量中所占比重分别约为59.86%、25.75%、12.07%、2.32%,水足迹总量变化趋势与餐饮水足迹变化趋势大体一致。③ 虚拟水是景区水足迹总量的主要构成部分,年均约占总量的85.47%,以餐饮、交通为主;实体水年均约占14.53%,以住宿、生态为主。④ 水资源压力总指数由2002年的0.62增加到2012年的1.02,实体水压力指数由0.53上升到0.87,旅游人数不断增长是黄山风景区水资源压力逐年增大的直接原因。

关键词: 旅游地水足迹, 测度模型, 水资源压力, 黄山风景区

Abstract:

Water footprint can reflect the occupancy of water resources in human consumption at a region. The sustainable utilization of tourism water resources is an important precondition to insure tourism sustainable development. Based on the theory and method of water footprint concept model proposed by G?ssling, the article built the water footprint measure model of tourism destination. The measure model contains tourist accommodation, catering, transport, entertainment and ecological water footprint with the perspective of the combination of real and virtual water. Taking Huangshan scenic area as an example, the authors calculated and analysed the tourism water footprint. The results show that: 1) During the period of 2002-2012, the total water footprint of Huangshan scenic area increased from 551.15×104m3 to 909.40×104m3, which is showing a tendency of rising in the occupancy of water resources. 2) Catering, transport, accommodation, ecological water footprint accounted for 59.86%, 25.75%, 12.07% and 2.32% of total water footprint respectively, which reflect the change trend of the catering water footprint roughly in line with the change trend of total water footprint. 3) The virtual water is the main constitute part of scenic water footprint, mainly catering and transport water footprint, an average of about 85.47% of the total. Accommodation and ecological water footprint consist mostly in real water footprint, an average of about 14.53% of the total. 4) The water resources pressure index of Huangshan scenic area increased from 0.62 in 2002 to 1.02 in 2012, real water footprint pressure index from 0.53 in 2002 to 0.87. Tourist numbers growth is the direct cause of scenic water resources pressure increasing year by year.

Key words: water footprint of tourism, measure model, water resource pressure, Huangshan scenic area

中图分类号: 

  • F592.99