地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 529-536.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.05.529

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基于A-T-R的旅游小城镇分类、评价与发展模式研究

陶慧1,2,3(), 刘家明1(), 朱鹤1,3, 李玏1,3, 王磊1,3   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 湖北民族学院经济与管理学院,湖北 恩施 445000
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-01 修回日期:2014-09-13 出版日期:2015-05-20 发布日期:2015-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陶 慧(1983-),女,湖北恩施人,博士研究生,讲师,主要从事旅游地理、旅游资源规划研究。E-mail:cgcbleach@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41071110)资助、湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(12JD11)资助

The Classification, Evaluating, and The Development Models of The Tourism Town

Hui TAO1,2,3(), Jia-ming LIU1(), He ZHU1,3, Le LI1,3, Lei WANG1,3   

  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Economics and Management,Hubei University for Nationalities, Enshi, Hubei 445000,China
    3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-03-01 Revised:2014-09-13 Online:2015-05-20 Published:2015-05-20

摘要:

在科学界定旅游小城镇基础上,梳理旅游小城镇的分类标准,确立一类基于核心吸引物(A)—小镇(T)—乡村环境(R)的新分类方法,将旅游小城镇分为AT一体、AT分离、A+T+R联动与ATR创意再造4种类型。结合旅游小城镇发展中的实际状态,依据A、T、R三类初始条件不同组合情况提炼出六大旅游小城镇的发展模式,为旅游小城镇深层次研究提供参考和依据,进一步推动旅游小城镇的健康发展。

关键词: 旅游城镇化, 旅游小城镇, 旅游资源评价, 发展模式

Abstract:

As the world’s largest sunrise industry based on its comprehensive effects in the industry, employment, ecological, cultural, and other aspects, tourism has become a new growth point of new urbanization development. The upgrade of tourism industry not only increases the demand, but also leads tourism space to expand, and many small towns are gradually being discovered and developed, forming a distinctive tourist destination. It has become the current subject we face how to develop different types of tourism towns scientifically and rationally, build a reasonable resources evaluation system, explore tourism industry development model of small towns, optimize the space environment of tourism towns. However, due to the lack of scientific theoretical guidance, disorderly development and the same model among thousands of towns, many sorts of practical problems appear such as deterioration of the ecological environment, decreasing of traditional rural culture and native landscape, and the loss of community residents’ right to speak. By summarizing the existing literature, we found a large number of domestic research focused on the exploration research and case studies ones, but universal research is relatively weak. There are multiple views in the concept, type, sort, resources combing, and the selection of region development model, which includes a certain bias. Based on the scientific definition of tourism towns, this article has combed a classification criteria of tourism towns, established a new classification method based on the core attraction(A)-Town(T)-Rural(R); through which the tourism towns can be divided into four categories : integration of A and T, separation of A and T, linkages of "A+T+R" and recreation of "A+T+R". This article proposed 8 main categories, 33 sub-categories, 144 subcategories of small towns with two-factor classification of tourism resources evaluation system based on the whole realm of creative resources viewpoint. Based on the actual need of tourism towns development, combined with different combinations of three types of initial conditions, i. e. "attraction, urban infrastructure, environmental background", we can define the six major development model of tourism towns to provide reference and basis for in-depth study of tourism towns, and promote the healthy development of tourism towns".

Key words: tourism urbanization, tourism small town, resources evaluation, development model

中图分类号: 

  • K901