地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 565-574.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.05.565

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2000年以来东北地区城市化空间分异的时空演变分析

甘静1,2(), 郭付友1, 陈才1, 刘继生1(), 李正1   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春130024
    2.吉林师范大学旅游与地理科学学院,吉林 四平136000
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-04 修回日期:2014-05-01 出版日期:2015-05-20 发布日期:2015-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:甘 静(1981-),女,吉林农安人,博士研究生,讲师,主要从事区域经济地理、旅游规划研究。E-mail:flying_spirit@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471111)、高等学校博士学科专项科研基金项目(20120043110012)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项项目(11ssxt126&10ssxt118)资助

The Spatio-temporal Evolution Characteristics of Urbanization Spatial Differentiation in Northeast China

Jing GAN1,2(), Fu-you GUO1, Cai CHEN1, Ji-sheng LIU1(), Zheng LI1   

  1. 1.College of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024,China
    2.College of Tourism and Geography, Jilin Normal University, Siping, Jilin 136000,China
  • Received:2014-01-04 Revised:2014-05-01 Online:2015-05-20 Published:2015-05-20

摘要:

以东北地区34个地级市为研究对象,以四维一体为研究视角,综合构建了东北地区城市化测度指标体系,基于时序分析、面板分析以及空间分析等方法,分4个时期对2000年以来东北地区城市化空间分异的时空演变特征进行研究,结果表明:① 投资与消费是影响东北地区城市化发展的主要因素,其城市化兼有“自上而下”与“自下而上”双重性质;② 东北地区城市化尚处于低水平阶段,属于粗放式、低效益型的城市化发展模式;③ 东北地区城市化整体分异与子系统分异特征明显,2000~2008年阶段综合城市化水平由北向南递增,2008~2012年阶段则向南递减,与人口城市化具有一致性的变化特征。而经济城市化、社会城市化、空间城市化则逐年向南递增;④ 东北地区城市化水平东中西分异与沿海内陆分异特征显著,均具有时序性特点。基于研究成果,提出自然条件的基础作用、产业结构优化升级的内部驱动、交通条件的空间导向以及政策和体制的调控约束是东北地区城市化空间分异的整体机制,而东北地区南北城市化分异程度不断缩小主要由于区域发展阶段演进周期理论。

关键词: 城市化, 空间分异, 时空演变, 熵值法, 东北地区

Abstract:

Taking the 34 cities of the Northeast China as the research object, from the 4 dimensions, this article comprehensive built a new measurement index system of urbanization in the Northeast China. Based on temporal analysis, panel data analysis and spatial analysis methods, the article analyzed the evolution characteristics of urbanization spatial differentiation in the Northeast China since 2000. The results showed that: 1) Investment and consumption are the dominant forces for the urbanization in the Northeast China, but its urbanization had the dual natures which were the “top-down” and “bottom-up”; 2) The urbanization was still in the stage of low level, and its development pattern belonged to the vulgar, low efficiency; 3) The differentiation characteristics of urbanization were significant no matter what was the whole or the subsystem of urbanization, such as the whole urbanization was increasing from north to south from 2000 to 2008, descending from 2008 to 2012, which had the consistent change characteristics with the population urbanization and the distinct changeable characteristics with the economy urbanization, society urbanization, space urbanization; 4) The differentiation characteristics in both of the east-middle-west and between coastal and inland in Northeast China were obvious, and both of them had the scheduling characteristics. Finally, the article studied the mechanism of spatial differentiation of the urbanization in Northeast China, which included natural condition, the upgrading of the industrial structure, traffic conditions and the function of the government regulation and system constraints, and found that the differential degree of urbanization between the north region and the south region in the Northeast China is narrowing mainly due to the evolution cycle theory of regional development.

Key words: urbanization, spatial differentiation, spatial-temporal evolution, entropy method, Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1