地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 725-732.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.06.725

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流动人口城市间流动的时空结构特征及其性别差异:基于福建省的实证研究

林李月1,2(), 朱宇1,2()   

  1. 1.福建师范大学地理研究所,福建 福州 350007
    2. 湿润亚热带生态地理过程教育部重点实验室,福建 福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-05 修回日期:2014-12-01 出版日期:2015-06-20 发布日期:2015-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:林李月(1985-),女,福建霞浦人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事人口迁移和社会政策研究。E-mail:lly30@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41471132)、教育部高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金资助项目(20133503110001)、福建省自然科学基金项目(2014J05047)、福建省公益类科研院所基本科研专项一般项目(2013R06)资助

The Space -time Paths of the Migrants’ Mobility Across Cities and Their Gender Difference: Based on A Survey in Fujian Province

Li-yue LIN1,2(), Yu ZHU1,2()   

  1. 1.Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007, China
    2.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process(Fujian Normal University),Ministry of Education, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007, China
  • Received:2014-03-05 Revised:2014-12-01 Online:2015-06-20 Published:2015-06-20

摘要:

基于福建省流动人口问卷调查数据,使用多种流动指标分析和生存分析方法,探讨不同性别流动人口城市间流动的时空特征和规律。研究发现:流动人口的城市间流动是一种常见的现象,在空间特征上,遵循随着流动次数的增加在距离上由近及远、在城市等级上由小到大的规律,且流动距离相对于初次流动趋于缩小,流动的就近性特征显著;在时间特征上,大多数城市间流动发生在流动生涯的前期,随着流动时间的延长,流动状态趋于稳定;在性别差异上,女性城市间流动的强度大于男性,地域选择具有明显的大城市导向,而男性的流动空间活动范围大,地域选择则是大城市和小城市同时兼顾并重。

关键词: 流动人口, 城市间流动, 时空结构特征, 性别差异, 福建省

Abstract:

Migration in China is not a simple one-step process and usually involves two stages: the initial stage for migrants to leave the place of origin and arrive in the first place of destination, and the subsequent stage for them to move across different cities before their finally settlement. So far most studies have been focused on the first stage and have neglected the subsequent stage, which is nevertheless indispensable for a complete understanding of migration patterns in China. Based on the individual-level event-history data from a random sampling questionnaire survey of 2 977 migrants in Fujian Province in 2009, this article examines patterns and characteristics of migrants’ mobility across cities in the subsequent stage of their migration, using various migration indicators and survival analysis. The article first analyses migrants’ mobility across cities in terms of mobility frequency and intensity, the destination city’s size categories and distance categories, the duration in the first destination cities, the mean residence time in each destination cities, and the temporal distribution of mobility events by their sequence, and then analyzes the time-space paths of the migrants’ mobility across cities from a gender perspective. The results show that migrants’ mobility across cities is a common phenomenon, and its mobility patterns are complex in terms of both migration direction and spatial trajectory. Migrants tend to move to places of longer distance and larger cities with the increase in the number of times of their subsequent migration; but compared to that of the initial stage migration, the distance of the subsequent stage migration is usually shorter. The majority of migrants’ movements across cities occur in the early period of their migration career, and they become less mobile with the increasing duration of their migration. On gender differences, although the mobility frequency of women migrants is lower than men migrants, their mobility intensity is stronger than men migrants. Furthermore, women migrants are more likely to move to large-sized cities than men migrants, and men migrants tend to move in wider spatial ranges and stay in the destination cities for longer periods of time, with no preference in their selection of destination cities between small-sized and large-sized cities. These results suggest that there are some temporal and spatial characteristics of migrant subsequent stage of migration that have not been revealed by conventional research treating migration as a one-step and gender-neutral process, and more efforts are still needed to achieve a better and more complete understanding of them.

Key words: migrants, mobility across cities, time-space paths, gender difference, Fujian Province

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1