地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 733-741.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.06.733

• • 上一篇    下一篇

东北三省服务业发展空间极化的演变及驱动因子分析

关伟1,2(), 曹佳宾1, 许淑婷1,2   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心, 辽宁 大连 116029
    2.辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院, 辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-12 修回日期:2014-11-09 出版日期:2015-06-20 发布日期:2015-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:关 伟(1959-), 男, 辽宁岫岩人, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事区域经济与产业规划研究。E-mail:lsgw2000@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(14JJD790044)、辽宁省教育厅科学技术研究项目(L2013411)资助

The Evolution of the Development Space Polarization and Driving Factors in the Service Industry in Northeast China

Wei GUAN1,2(), Jia-bin CAO1, Shu-ting XU1,2   

  1. 1.Research Center for Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116029, China
    2.School of Urban and Environment, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian,Liaoning 116029,China
  • Received:2014-03-12 Revised:2014-11-09 Online:2015-06-20 Published:2015-06-20

摘要:

以人均服务业增加值为服务业发展衡量指标,分析东北三省服务业变化的空间特征,利用基尼系数和崔王指数,从整体和局部两个角度对东北三省服务业发展的非均衡性和极化特征进行测度,以人均服务业增加值的极化水平为因变量,人均GDP、工业增加值、实际直接利用外资、政府财政支出和市场发育指数的极化水平为自变量,建立多元线性回归模型,并对驱动因子进行综合评价。研究结果认为:① 2000~2012年间东北三省服务业发展程度显著,区域发展差异在波动中小幅上升;形成了以沈阳、大连、长春和哈尔滨4城市为核心的服务业发展格局;中心城市、资源城市及交通枢纽城市主导着服务业发展,差异具有显著的地域性。② 东北三省服务业发展差异和空间极化在趋势上均呈现先升后降。服务业发展差异系数在总体上呈增长态势,空间极化指数呈减少态势。③ 不同驱动因子的作用和重要性不同,在推动服务业极化发展中起主导作用的是人均GDP和政府财政支出。

关键词: 空间极化, 集聚, 驱动因子, 东北三省

Abstract:

From the overall and the partial angles this article values the degree of service industry with added service industry per capita to analyze spatial characteristics of service industry in Northeast China by using the Gene coefficient and Tsui-Wang index. Using the polarization level of added service industry per capita as the dependent variable, and per capita GDP, the added value of the second industry, the actually utilized foreign capital, government expenditure and market development index as the independent variables, this article establishes multiple linear regression model and comprehensively evaluates the driving factors. The results of research are:1) The degree of development of service industry is improved greatly between the year 2000 and 2012 in Northeast China. Difference between them is risen within a narrow range and service industry development pattern is formed with the core in Shenyang, Dalian, Changchun and Harbin. The service industry development is dominated by the geographical location, transportation and resources of these cities. 2) The differences and spatial polarization of service industry development all represent a trend of first increase and then decrease. On the whole, the differences of service industry development are showing the trend of accelerated growth and spatial polarization is showing the trend of diminishing. 3) The role and importance of driving factors is different and per-capita GDP and government finance spending is playing the leading role in the service industry spatial polarization development.

Key words: spatial polarization, gathering, driving factors, Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • F062.9