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地理科学    2015, Vol. 35 Issue (6): 773-781     DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.06.773
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黔北洞穴石笋记录的末次冰消期至早全新世百年~十年际气候变化
姜修洋1,2(),杨邦2,王晓艳2,何尧启3,段福才4,李志忠1,沈川洲5
1. 福建师范大学地理研究所,福建 福州 350007
2. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,湿润亚热带生态地理过程教育部重点实验室,福建 福州 350007
3. 贵州民族大学旅游与航空服务学院,贵州 贵阳 550025
4. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210046
5. 台湾大学地质科学系,台湾 台北 10617
The Centennial to Decadal Scale Variation of Summer Monsoon Precipitation in Northern Guizhou Province During the Last Deglacial
Xiu-yang JIANG1,2(),Bang YANG2,Xiao-yan WANG2,Yao-qi HE3,Fu-cai DUAN4,Zhi-zhong LI1,Chuan-chou SHEN5
1. Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007, China
2. Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Geography Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007, China
3. College of Tourism and Air Service, Guizhou Minzu University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550025, China
4. College of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210046, China
5. Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10617, China
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摘要 

通过黔北三星洞2支石笋(编号:SX3-a和SX14)的 25个高精度230Th年龄(测年误差≤76 a)和740个氧同位素数据,重建了末次冰消期至早全新世(16.82±0.04~8.29±0.03 ka B.P.)平均分辨率达10 a的亚洲夏季风演变历史。无论在千年尺度还是百年尺度,甚至是十年际气候事件上,三星石笋δ18O记录的季风气候与北高纬气候都存在耦合关系。然而,在波令-阿勒罗德(B?lling-Aller?d)时期,与格陵兰冰芯所记录的温度逐渐回冷的趋势相反,亚洲夏季风表现出逐渐增强的过程。太阳辐射能量的增加和越赤道气流的增强有可能是引起此时期夏季风增强的主要原因。在前北方期(11.7~9 ka B.P.)时,南极温度、大气CO2浓度和CH4浓度等在新仙女木(Younger Dryas, YD)结束后均达到最大值,而石笋δ18O记录表明在YD冷事件结束后,直到9 ka B.P.左右亚洲夏季风才达到最盛期。冰消期结束后,虽然太阳辐射能量已经达到高值,但直到9 ka B.P.之前,北美大陆仍然残留较大的冰盖,有可能对夏季风的增强起到一定的限制作用。另外,早全新世南极变冷同样有可能通过加强越赤道气流来影响夏季风气候。

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姜修洋
杨邦
王晓艳
何尧启
段福才
李志忠
沈川洲
关键词 冰消期前北方期黔北石笋百年~十年际尺度 
Abstract

The last deglaciation, transition from the last glacial maximum to the present interglacial (Holocene), has great importance in understanding how Earth’s climate system can abruptly switch from one state to another. This transition was also characterized by several abrupt climatic oscillations, including Heinrich event 1, B?lling-Aller?d, and Younger Dryas. However, uncertainty remains regarding the similarities and differences in monsoon history in different region. Here, we present a high-resolution (10-year on average) monsoonal record covering the time range from 16.82±0.04 to 8.29±0.03 ka BP, Based on 25 high-precision 230Th dates and 740 Oxygen isotopic data from stalagmite SX3-a and SX14 from Sanxing Cave, Northern Guizhou Province, China, an average 10 a resolution Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM) record during the last deglacial was produced. Millennial- to decadal- scale coupling between the ASM and northern high-latitude climate persisted through whole last deglacial period, suggesting that the Atlantic meridional circulation play a role in monsoon climate. Decoupled from decreasing temperatures in Greenland during the BA, the concurrent intensified AM is likely attributed to the increasing insolation and the strong cross-equatorial flow. During the “Preboreal episode”, Antarctic temperature, atmospheric CO2 and CH4 were reached to its maximum values after the abrupt transition of Younger Dryas. Howerver, ASM experienced a 2.7 ka-long gradual increase of the monsoon rainfall. The summer insolation in the North Hemisphere was maximal at around 11,000 a B.P., however, until about 9 000 a B.P. a large remnant ice sheet persisted in North America, which could be impede the rebound of ASM. In addition, the cooling of the Antarctic during the early Holocene maybe also influenced ASM through the strong cross-equatorial flow.

Key wordsdeglacial    preboreal    Northern Guizhou Province    stalagmite    centennial to decadal scale
收稿日期: 2014-01-01      出版日期: 2016-06-06
基金资助:国家自然科学基金(41372189)、福建省公益类研究所基本科研项目(2014R1034-2)资助
作者简介: 姜修洋(1981-),男,山东临沂人,博士,副教授,从事第四纪环境演变研究。E-mail:xyjiang@fjnu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
姜修洋, 杨邦, 王晓艳等 . 黔北洞穴石笋记录的末次冰消期至早全新世百年~十年际气候变化[J]. 地理科学, 2015, 35(6): 773-781.
Xiu-yang JIANG, Bang YANG, Xiao-yan WANG et al . The Centennial to Decadal Scale Variation of Summer Monsoon Precipitation in Northern Guizhou Province During the Last Deglacial[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2015, 35(6): 773-781.
链接本文:  
http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.06.773      或      http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V35/I6/773
样品号
(深度)
238U 232Th 230Th/232Th δ234U 234U初始值 230Th/238U 230Th年龄/a 230Th年龄/a BP
( x10-9 g/g) ( x10-12 g/g) (原子数比x 10-6) (测量值) (校正值) (活度比) (未校正值) (校正值)
SX3-32 2650±7 589±7 7168.6±92 2035.1±8.5 2055.5±8.6 0.09653±0.00032 3,517.5±15.6 3,516±16
SX3-40 5684±17 174±7 141563.5±5591 2040.5±8.6 2097.6±8.9 0.26280±0.00086 9,777.3±43.9 9,777±44
SX3-136 6100±21 336±11 83514.5±2620 2026.2±10.2 2086.9±10.6 0.27869±0.00107 10,442.5±55.6 10,442±56
SX3-150 3971±13 246±9 76788.8±2829 2066.0±9.4 2129.3±9.7 0.28863±0.00107 10,683.0±53.5 10,683±54
SX3-232 4365±16 208±7 104464.2±3359 2063.2±11.3 2129.7±11.6 0.30222±0.00121 11,217.4±63.6 11,217±64
SX3-316 4278±14 229±6 96982.3±2400 2082.7±10.4 2152.3±10.8 0.31490±0.00115 11,630.8±60.5 11,630±61
SX3-337 5017±19 83±6 320489.0±23865 2119.5±11.0 2190.8±11.4 0.32039±0.00133 11,696.2±66.5 11,696±67
SX3-343 3013±9 1455±9 11737.9±80 2115.6±9.1 2192.2±9.4 0.34318±0.00152 12,583.6±70.0 12,580±70
SX3-359 5459±5 545±11 57615.2±1171 2090.9±3.8 2168.4±3.9 0.34808±0.00056 12,879.7±27.4 12,878±27
SX3-400 4529±15 468±5 57608.1±586 2110.9±9.7 2191.7±10.1 0.36073±0.00141 13,280.0±69.9 13,279±70
SX3-421 4463±8 209±11 128402.5±6737 2100.9±6.8 2182.5±7.1 0.36449±0.00092 13,471.0±47.4 13,471±47
SX3-457 4233±7 475±11 54419.4±1246 2076.4±7.2 2159.0±7.4 0.36993±0.00085 13,797.5±47.6 13,797±48
SX3-473 4924±18 254±6 119768.5±2701 2095.1±10.0 2178.9±10.4 0.37427±0.00151 13,878.5±75.5 13,878±76
SX14-6 867±0.9 350±9 14447.8±388 3721.9±9.3 3811.3±5.7 0.35276±0.00097 8,397.5±25.9 8,395±26
SX14-45 1002±1.4 151±8 41833.6±2159 3757.8±6.3 3854.9±6.5 0.38237±0.00103 9,040.7±28.0 9,040±28
SX14-65 1103±1.7 130±7 55598.9±2839 3717.5±6.6 3818.7±6.8 0.39845±0.00110 9,517.3±30.4 9,517±30
SX14-85 1194±1.6 91±7 90519.9±6923 3690.5±6.4 3796.3±6.6 0.41613±0.00109 10,014.2±30.6 10,014±31
SX14-110 1293±1.6 151±7 60148.5±2816 3692.0±5.9 3800.3±6.1 0.42521±0.00092 10,236.9±26.5 10,237±27
SX14-164 1367±1.7 847±9 11715.1±129 3683.4±6.4 3795.8±6.6 0.43968±0.00094 10,630.4±28.0 10,630±28
SX14-178 1754±2.1 163±7 99566.0±4227 3617.4±6.1 3762.3±6.4 0.56002±0.00103 13,892.4±33.2 13,892±33
SX14-255 1848±2.7 213±6 82432.7±2429 3606.8±6.5 3755.8±6.8 0.57661±0.00148 14,340.6±44.2 14,340±44
SX14-370 1769±2.4 113±6 155585.8±8900 3609.8±6.8 3765.6±7.1 0.60126±0.00144 14,976.4±44.3 14,976±44
SX14-375 1635±2.4 409±7 40181.6±669 3596.0±6.5 3754.1±6.8 0.60988±0.00149 15,251.2±45.5 15,250±46
SX14-500 2071±2.9 141±6 154206.8±6061 3572.1±6.8 3737.4±7.1 0.63564±0.00137 16,020.7±44.5 16,020±45
SX14-607 1573±1.6 467±10 37160.2±765 3596.2±5.3 3771.3±5.6 0.66831±0.00104 16,822.7±34.6 16,821±35
Table 1  石笋SX3-a和SX14 MC-ICP-MS铀系测年结果
Fig.1  三星洞石笋SX3-a和SX14的年代模式
注:黑点及水平误差棒为分别为SX3-a和SX14记录的年龄控制点及对应的测年误差,Hiatus为沉积间断。
Fig.2  三星洞石笋记录与其他洞穴石笋记录、太阳辐射曲线和南北极冰芯记录对比
注:PB、YD 、BA和 H1分别表示前北方期、新仙女木事件、波令-阿勒罗德暖期和Heinrich 1事件;GI和CI分别表示格陵兰间冰阶和中国间冰阶。
Fig.3  三星洞石笋 δ18O记录与格陵兰冰芯[17]对比
注:PB和IACP分别表示前北方期和阿勒罗德间的冷期。
Fig. 4  三星洞石笋 δ18O记录与全球冰量[34]、格陵兰冰芯δ18O[17]、南极δD [26]、甲烷浓度[30]和二氧化碳浓度[29]对比
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