地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 188-195.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.02.004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新型城镇化背景下中国城乡统筹的理论与实践问题

陈肖飞1,2(), 姚士谋1(), 张落成1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所/中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室,江苏 南京 210008
    2.中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-09 修回日期:2015-07-30 出版日期:2016-02-20 发布日期:2016-06-06
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈肖飞(1986-),河南三门峡人,博士研究生,主要研究方向:城市发展与区域规划。E-mail: chenfei_niglas@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41130750、41341170)资助

The Theory and Practice of Urban-Rural Integration in China Under the New Urbanization

Xiaofei Chen1,2(), Shimou Yao1(), Luocheng Zhang1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences/Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-02-09 Revised:2015-07-30 Online:2016-02-20 Published:2016-06-06
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Sciences Foundation of China(41130750,41341170)

摘要:

城乡统筹问题是当代中国社会经济发展的综合性课题,随着新型城镇化的提出,许多省市的城乡关系都面临复杂的困境,而新型城镇化与城乡统筹发展关系实践不仅是解决农业、农村、农民问题的重要途径,还是推动区域协调发展的强劲动力和扩大内需及促进产业升级的重要抓手。新型城镇化与城乡统筹具有内在的共同点,因此在新型城镇化背景下,分析两者在实践过程中共同存在的生态环境、人口流动、产业布局、城市空间利用以及土地制度等存在的问题具有重要的理论和现实意义。提出了 树立资源节约型的城乡统筹理念、确立健康城市化的城乡统筹方向、从区域空间角度认识城乡统筹问题、 着力解决城乡统筹的土地问题等观点,并指出了新型城镇化背景下城乡统筹主要优化方向:优化重点区域发展、优化空间布局形态、优化集群产业结构、优化发展美好环境、优化市场导向机制。

关键词: 城乡统筹, 新型城镇化, 健康城市化, 优化方向

Abstract:

Issue of urban-rural integration is a comprehensive subject, with the new urbanization proposed, urban-rural relations are facing a complex dilemma in many cities, so it is important to discuss the theory and practice of urban-rural integration in China under the new urbanization background. The practice of new urbanization and urban-rural integration development is not only an important way to solve the problems concerning agriculture, rural areas and farmers, or to promote a strong driving force for regional coordinated development and industrial upgrading. The article analyzes the ecological resources, migration, industrial layout and urban space, land system in the process of urban-rural integration and pointed out that we should confirm a resource-saving concept of urban-rural integration, establish a healthy urbanization direction of urban-rural integration, understand urban-rural integration from the perspective of regional space and solve the land system problems of urban-rural integration. At the same time, the article pointed out the optimization direction under the context of new urbanization:1) We should optimize the key areas development and exploit suburban land rationally; 2) We should optimize space layout and build diverse complementary pattern;3) We should optimize industrial structure of clusters and make better chain link between rural and urban industrial; 4) We should optimize a better environment and promote the urban transformation to eco-city; 5) We should optimize the market-oriented mechanism and guarantee the government regulation in line with the law.

Key words: urban-rural integration, new urbanization, healthy urbanization, optimization direction

中图分类号: 

  • F292