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地理科学    2016, Vol. 36 Issue (2): 283-288     DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.02.015
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
江苏沿海经济发展的区域差异及空间格局演变
陈洪全(),张云峰
盐城师范学院城市与规划学院,江苏 盐城 224051
Economic Development Disparities and Spatial Pattern Evolution in Coastal Area of Jiangsu Province
Hongquan Chen(),Yunfeng Zhang
School of Urban & Planning, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng 224051, Jiangsu, China
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摘要 

以县域为基本单元,以GDP和人口为指标,运用绝对差异指标和相对差异指标等经典统计方法,以及可分解的泰尔指数和区域分离指数,分析了2002~2012年江苏省沿海经济发展差异的演变趋势和空间变化特征。研究结果表明:江苏沿海经济发展的绝对差异一直在不断扩大,相对差异基本呈缓慢缩小趋势。总体差异在波动中逐渐下降,其主要来源于区内差异,其中盐城区内差异贡献率最大。区域分离系数以2006年为拐点,呈倒“U”型变化特征,区域差异逐渐趋同。导致区域差异的原因主要是历史基础、区位条件和政策措施。空间结构的变化反映了政府发展战略的连续变化过程,体现了区域发展的非均衡性。

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陈洪全
张云峰
关键词 区域差异县域经济江苏沿海地区 
Abstract

The article, taking counties as basic regiona1 study units, explores the spatial pattern of economic development in Jiangsu coastal region. The classical statistical methods and spatial statistical methods were used to analyze and measure time and space disparity of Jiangsu coastal economy in 2002-2012. The results showed: 1) The economic development of Jiangsu coastal area has been more and more open and concentration since Jiangsu coastal development became national strategy in 2009. The relative difference is slowly narrowing due to the difference rate of economic growth among three coastal cities, namely Nantong City, Yancheng City and Lianyungang City. The absolute difference of regional economy in Jiangsu coastal has been expanding due to the difference of development foundation and location conditions among three coastal cities. 2) From the Thail index change, the overall economic difference decreased gradually in Jiangsu coastal area. The mainly reason is rapid development of the economy in three coastal cities. It is groups difference rather than internal economic differences to result in Jiangsu coastal regional economic differences. The internal economic difference of Yancheng is the biggest in three coastal cities. 3) The interrelation between economic growth and spatial change of regional difference are analyzed based on regional separation index. The separation index presented an inverted “U” characteristics and the turning appeared in 2006. The main reason is regional conditions, historic foundation, development speed and policy measures.

Key wordsregional differences    county level economy    Jiangsu Province    costal area
收稿日期: 2015-02-09      出版日期: 2016-06-06
基金资助:国家自然科学基金(41071083)、江苏省高校自然科学重大项目(14KJA170006)、江苏省社科应用研究精品工程(15SYA-016)、江苏省高校哲学社会科学基金(2013SJD790028)、盐城师范学院教授博士基金(13YSYJB0118)资助
作者简介: 陈洪全(1963-),男,江苏盐城人,博士,教授,主要从事区域开发与空间布局研究.E-mail:yctcchq@163.com
引用本文:   
陈洪全, 张云峰 . 江苏沿海经济发展的区域差异及空间格局演变[J]. 地理科学, 2016, 36(2): 283-288.
Hongquan Chen, Yunfeng Zhang . Economic Development Disparities and Spatial Pattern Evolution in Coastal Area of Jiangsu Province[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2016, 36(2): 283-288.
链接本文:  
http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.02.015      或      http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V36/I2/283
Fig.1  江苏沿海经济发展绝对差异及相对差异变化趋势(a:绝对差异;b:相对差异)
年份 泰尔指数 组间经济
差异
组内经济差异 组间贡献率(﹪) 组内贡献率(﹪)
江苏沿海 南通 连云港 盐城
2002 0.0790 0.0706 0.0074 0.0823 0.0175 0.0615 22.20 77.79
2003 0.0947 0.0668 0.0164 0.0654 0.0395 0.0551 41.74 58.26
2004 0.1078 0.0654 0.0214 0.0767 0.0483 0.0594 44.85 55.15
2005 0.1056 0.0502 0.0200 0.0795 0.0515 0.0541 48.78 51.22
2006 0.1103 0.0522 0.0216 0.0825 0.0539 0.0564 48.88 51.12
2007 0.1113 0.0510 0.0256 0.0890 0.0520 0.0592 46.77 53.23
2008 0.1083 0.0453 0.0205 0.0943 0.0505 0.0578 46.62 53.38
2009 0.0828 0.0415 0.0186 0.0781 0.0321 0.0506 38.83 61.17
2010 0.0747 0.0408 0.0189 0.0736 0.0261 0.0486 34.90 65.09
2011 0.0680 0.0393 0.0201 0.0708 0.0208 0.0472 30.54 69.46
2012 0.0672 0.0385 0.0204 0.0718 0.0199 0.0473 29.62 70.38
Table 1  江苏沿海经济差异泰尔指数分解及贡献率
Fig. 2  江苏沿海区域发展差异指数
Fig.3  江苏沿海区域分离系数
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