地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 417-423.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.03.013

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区域旅游生态效率实证分析——以海南省为例

姚治国1,2(), 陈田2, 尹寿兵3, 李新刚4   

  1. 1.天津外国语大学国际商学院,天津 300071
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3.安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241000
    4.天津商业大学公共管理学院,天津 300134
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-28 修回日期:2015-04-28 出版日期:2016-03-20 发布日期:2016-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    姚治国(1978-),男,安徽太湖人,博士后,讲师,主要从事酒店管理与旅游规划研究。E-mail: yzgzszz@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自科基金青年项目(41301159)、天津市哲学社会科学规划项目(TJGL13-010)、教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(15YJC790047)资助

Regional Tourism Eco-Efficiency Model and an Empirical Research of Hainan Province

Zhiguo Yao1,2(), Tian Chen2, Shoubing Yin3, Xingang Li4   

  1. 1. School of International Business of Tianjin Foreign Studies University, Tianjin 300071, China
    2. Institute of Geography Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Territoral Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China
    4.School of Public Management of Tianjin Commerce University, Tianjin 300134, China
  • Received:2015-01-28 Revised:2015-04-28 Online:2016-03-20 Published:2016-03-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41301159), Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of Tianjin (TJGL13-010), Ministry of Education in China Project of Humanities and Social Sciences (15YJC790047)

摘要:

基于旅游碳足迹、生态效率、旅游经济效应等理论,构建了旅游生态效率模型,在定量计算海南省2012年旅游生态效率值的基础上,对旅游生态效率区域差异进行了成因机制分析。主要结论有:海南省2012年旅游交通生态效率为0.898元/kg,旅游住宿生态效率为7.13元/kg,旅游活动生态效率为16.32元/kg,旅游综合生态效率为1.787元/kg,旅游活动和旅游住宿的生态效率值大于旅游交通生态效率值。在出行距离既定的情况下,优化旅游生态效率的措施在于:提高人均消费水平、延长平均停留时间、增加平均参与活动频次,即“短距离、长停留、高消费”的市场模式有利于优化旅游生态效率,反之,“长距离、短停留、低消费”的市场模式则拉低了旅游生态效率值。海南省旅游者外部交通平均距离较大、乘坐飞机旅游者比例较高、旅游收入统计值低于实际值等原因叠加起来使其旅游生态效率水平略次于部分旅游地。

关键词: 旅游生态效率, 旅游碳足迹, 海南省

Abstract:

Based on the theory of the Tourism Carbon Footprint, Tourism Eco-efficiency and Tourism Economic Effects, this article proposed the concept and model of Tourism Eco-efficiency. This study took Hainan Province as a research object, calculated the tourism eco-efficiency value of Hainan Province in 2012 quantitatively, and made a mechanism analysis on regional differences of tourism eco-efficiency. According to the empirical research, this article drew some conclusions as follows: 1) In term of the tourism eco-efficiency of Hainan Province in 2012, the tourism eco-efficiency of tourism transport was 0.898 yuan/kg, the tourism eco-efficiency of tourism accommodation is 7.13 yuan/kg, the tourism eco-efficiency of tourism activity or amusement was 16.32 yuan/kg, the total tourism eco-efficiency was 1.787 yuan/kg, the tourism eco-efficiency value of tourism activity and tourism accommodation is greater than tourism transport. 2) In case of the same travel distance, there were some measures to enhance the tourism eco-efficiency as follows: to improve the level of per capita consumption, to extend the average residence time, to increase the average frequency of participation of tourism activities, it is also known as an theory that tourism market structure with "short-distance, long stay, high consumption" is conducive for optimizing tourism eco-efficiency, vice versa, tourism market structure with "long-distance, short stay, lower consumption" will drives down the value of tourism eco-efficiency. 3) The reasons that the tourism eco-efficiency of Hainan Province is lower than some compared destination could be summarized as: longer tourists average outside transport distance, higher proportion of tourists choosing aircraft as transport model, tourism revenues by statistics relatively lower to the actual consumption figure.

Key words: tourism eco-efficiency, tourism carbon footprint, Hainan Province

中图分类号: 

  • K901