地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 424-430.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.03.014

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吉林省旅游业发展时空差异性及空间布局

朱麟奇1,2(), 李秋雨1, 刘继生1()   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春 130024
    2.长春师范大学历史文化学院,吉林 长春 130032
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-08 修回日期:2015-12-29 出版日期:2016-03-20 发布日期:2016-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    朱麟奇(1979-),男,辽宁昌图人,副教授,博士研究生,主要从事人文地理学理论与方法研究。E-mail:zhulinqi@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(14ZZ1216)、国家自然科学基金项目(41471111)、吉林省教育厅科技与社科“十二五”规划项目(吉教科合字[2015]第267号)资助

Spatial and Temporal Difference and Spatial Distribution of Tourism Development in Jilin Province

Linqi Zhu1,2(), Qiuyu Li1, Jisheng Liu1()   

  1. 1.Department of Water Resources and Environment, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. History and Culture College, Changchun Normal University, Changchun 130032, Jilin, China
  • Received:2015-05-08 Revised:2015-12-29 Online:2016-03-20 Published:2016-03-20
  • Supported by:
    Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (14ZZ1216), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41471111), Jilin Provincial Education Department of Science and Technology, Social Sciences, "the Twelfth Five Year Plan" ([2015]267)

摘要:

以吉林省9个地市州为研究单元,运用计量经济学的方法,对吉林省2002~2013年旅游业、地区间旅游业发展水平差异变化的时空演变特征进行实证分析。结果表明:地区间旅游业发展水平相对差异有所缩小,但绝对差异持续扩大;旅游业发展空间差异较大,旅游收入高的地区集中分布在长春和吉林两地,2010年后延边表现出强劲的发展势头,其他地区旅游业相对落后。结合计量分析结果,对吉林省旅游业空间布局,提出“双核、一群、四组”的空间结构,并提出了通过强化核心区的辐射作用、明确区域旅游空间定位、加快落后地区旅游业发展等实现吉林省旅游业空间结构优化的路径。

关键词: 旅游区域差异, 空间优化, 吉林省

Abstract:

Based on the method of econometrics, taking 9 prefectures and cities in Jilin Province as regional study unit, we analyze the tourism overall level, the spatial and temporal characteristics of tourism development in Jilin Province in 2002`2013. The results show that the status of tourism industry and its contribution to the economic development are increasing in Jilin Province. Although the relative difference of tourism development among the regions has narrowed down, the absolute difference is keeping expanding. The reason is that Jilin Province attaches great importance to the development of tourism and takes tourism as a strategic emerging industries and an important way to develop economy, transform development mode, optimize the industrial structureand improve the livelihood of the people. Therefore, tourism is rapidly developing for each region. However,because of the difference of tourism resources, traffic location, economic base and tourism economy, the absolute difference of tourism development in cities and counties is still widening, and spatial difference of tourism development is outstanding. The spatial agglomeration degree is high, but there is a tendency to develop in dispersed direction, the decline of space agglomeration degree can be attributed to the development of tourism industry in Yanbian, Baishan, Tonghua which is gradually weakening the layout of Changchun and Jilin as a single core circle. To realize the coordinated development of tourism, each region should suit one's measures to local conditions, and strive for the division of labor, the characteristics, the advantages, more benefits in whole tourism space layout. Based on the results of measurement and analysis, this article puts forward the spatial structure of "dual core, a group, four groups". Dual core refers to the "Changchun and Jilin" as the core; a group refers to the Central Industrial Tourism Group, consisting of Changchun, Jilin, Siping, Songyuan, Meihekou; four groups refer to the periphery of four major tourism groups: 1) western tourism group containing Baicheng-Song Yuan, 2) southwest tourism group containing Siping-Liaoyuan, 3) central and southern tourism group containing Tonghua-Baishan and 4) Yanji, Hunchun, Tumen River downstream tourism group. Finally, some suggestions are put forward: strengthening the radiation effect of the core area, making a clear regional tourism spatial location,highlighting the ethnic customs and the balanced development of regional tourism industry.

Key words: tourism regional differences, spatial optimization, Jilin Province

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7