地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 431-438.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.03.015

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安徽省旅游政策变迁及其空间 n.响应研究

韩卢敏(), 陆林, 杨兴柱   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241003
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-13 修回日期:2015-11-16 出版日期:2016-03-20 发布日期:2016-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    韩卢敏(1978-),女,安徽六安人,硕士,讲师,主要从事旅游经济与旅游政策研究。E-mail:hanlmzg@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)、安徽省哲学社会科学规划青年项目AHSKQ2014D52资助

Change of Tourism Policy and Its Spatial Response of Anhui Province, China

Lumin Han(), Lin Lu, Xingzhu Yang   

  1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
  • Received:2015-07-13 Revised:2015-11-16 Online:2016-03-20 Published:2016-03-20
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China (41230631), Philosophy and Social Science Planning Project of Anhui Province (AHSKQ2014D52)

摘要:

借助于经济学供给需求分析视角,构建旅游政策变迁及其空间响应的理论框架,根据新制度经济学路径依赖理论和利益集团理论,探寻旅游政策变迁的路径和动因,揭示旅游政策变迁和旅游空间结构发展演化的内在联系。并以安徽省为例,根据改革开放之后安徽省旅游业发展的不同阶段,将旅游政策变迁划分为形成期、密集期和协调融合期3个时期,其空间响应状态分别为点状格局、单一板块格局和多板块空间格局。分析得出,在中国经济体制转轨的背景下,旅游发展由政府主导型向市场主导型转变,旅游政策在不同时期通过其作用机制引导、激励利益主体投资建设旅游节点、交通设施等行为,推动旅游空间格局由点状格局向板块格局发展演化,旅游政策的空间响应强度取决于政府对信息的掌握程度和政策对利益主体的激励程度。

关键词: 旅游政策, 空间响应, 安徽省

Abstract:

The evolution of tourism spatial structure was impacted profoundly by institutional elements in addition to resource endowments, levels of economic development, transportation and other factors. Based on the perspective of supply demand analysis, this article constructed the theoretical framework of tourism policy change and its spatial response, according to the path dependence theory and the interest groups theory of new institutional economics. We explored the path and motivation of tourism policy change to reveal the inner link between the tourism policy change and the development of the tourism spatial structure. And meanwhile, we took Anhui Province as an example, according to the different stages of the development of tourism industry, the change of tourism policy was divided into three periods: the formation period, the intensive period and the coordination and integration period, whose spatial response of the tourism industry was point pattern, single plate pattern and multi plate spatial pattern, respectively. We found that in the background of China's economic system transition, the tourism development was converted from the government-led to the market-led, tourism policies motivated the interest groups to invest tourism nodes, transportation facilities and so on, through its effect mechanism in different periods, and promoted the evolution of tourism spatial pattern from the point pattern to the plate pattern, the spatial response intensity of the tourism policy depended on the degree of government information and the degree of incentive of the policy to the interest groups.

Key words: tourism policy, spatial response, Anhui Province

中图分类号: 

  • K90