地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 502-511.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.04.003

• • 上一篇    下一篇

尺度理论视角下的“一带一路”战略解读

王丰龙1,2, 张衔春3(), 杨林川4, 洪世键5   

  1. 1.华东师范大学城市发展研究院,上海 200062
    2.香港浸会大学地理系,香港
    3.香港大学建筑学院,香港
    4.香港大学工程学院,香港
    5.厦门大学土木与建筑学院,福建 厦门 361000
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-23 修回日期:2015-10-20 出版日期:2016-07-21 发布日期:2016-07-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王丰龙(1988-),男,内蒙古赤峰人,讲师,主要研究方向为行为地理学和政治地理学。E-mail: flwang@iud.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(4070104151208444)、教育部人文社会科学研究基金项目(12YJAGJW00711YJCZH058)、中央高校基本科研业务费(20720140519)资助

Rescaling and Scalar Politics in the ‘One Belt, One Road’ Strategy

Fenglong Wang1,2, Xianchun Zhang3(), Linchuan Yang4, Shijian Hong5   

  1. 1. Institute of Urban Development and Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200062, China
    2. Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
    3. Faculty of Architecture, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong,China
    4. Faculty of Engneering, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong,China
    5. School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361000, Fujian, China
  • Received:2015-05-23 Revised:2015-10-20 Online:2016-07-21 Published:2016-07-21
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (4070104151208444), Research Programme Fund of Humanities and Social Sciences (12YJAGJW00711YJCZH058), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities Project (20720140519)

摘要:

目前,“一带一路”已成为中国的核心发展战略之一。借鉴尺度重构和尺度政治理论,分析“一带一路”战略的内涵、影响和风险。研究发现“一带一路”战略重构了现有的国家角色和地域形式,催生了以跨国基础设施为基础、以资本和经贸合作为支撑的新尺度。该尺度一方面被国际和国内的资本和权力关系不断重构,另一方面也在重构着现有的权力关系和资本积累过程。还从尺度政治视角出发探讨了“一带一路”战略中的风险因素。在国际层面,中国既面临着基于多边国际关系和地方抵抗的尺度上推力量,也面临着基于旧有边界和尺度化表达的尺度下推因素。在国内,“一带一路”战略既面临着地方政府基于政策争夺和地方保护主义产生的重复建设问题,也存在疆独势力等通过国际联系复杂化地方趋势的风险。为了更好地推行“一带一路”战略,中国必须积极应对这些尺度政治的挑战,深入研究尺度政治的机制和破解之道,努力化解海外投资、国际合作和地方治理中的风险。

关键词: “一带一路”, 尺度重构, 尺度政治, 地域重组, 风险

Abstract:

‘One Belt, One Road’ (OBOR) was proposed by President Xi Jinping in 2013 when he visited Kazakhstan and Indonesia. It is now the core regional development strategy in China. A series of studies (mainly in Chinese) have been conducted to provide the contextual knowledge or suggestion for this strategy. However, a theoretical examination of OBOR remains at the very superficial level among existing scholarship. This study aims to analyze the nature and impacts of OBOR from the perspective of rescaling and scalar politics, with a balanced consideration on the political geographical mechanisms and potential risks for promoting OBOR. It is argued that OBOR reshapes the roles and territoriality of Chinese state and produces a number of new geographical scales based on construction of international infrastructure, capital flows and trade cooperation. Specifically, the state power is re-territoralized through forming new international organizations and investing in the international infrastructure; the importance of some large cities are also highlighted as the nodes of OBOR. In other words, the inter-national processes are embedded in sub-national regions or new state spaces, confirming the previous theories on ‘localization’. The rescaling strategies enable China to gain more influence on Eurasian geo-political and economic processes and more space to accelerate its capital accumulation. This echoes Lefebvre's arguments that the spatial fix of urban growth is based on scalar fixes. Therefore, it is interesting to note that the scale and power relations are mutually constructed. On the one hand, scale is produced and reconstructed by both international and domestic political powers and capitals; on the other hand, the rescaling processes have great impacts on the existing power relations and capital accumulation. The perspective of scalar politics suggests that there are some potential hindrance and risks behind this new initiative. At the international level, China is not only facing complex up-scaling forces related to the multilateral and international relations and local unrests, but also confronting the down-scaling forces based on the existing boundary and scalar discourses. At the domestic level, OBOR may lead to excessive competition, over accumulation and repeated construction due to local protectionism determined by the political promotion system in China. Some potential risks may also be caused by Xinjiang separatists, who can get supports easier than with the further opening of China to the rest of the world in the OBOR strategy. China must cope with these scalar politics actively in order to promote "one belt one road" strategy. This research has much policy implication for Chinese government to smooth the mechanisms of scalar politics on internationalization and reduce the potential risks of oversea investment, inter-national cooperation and regional governance. This aticle also furthers the understanding of scale in human geography by integrating discussions of rescaling and scalar politics from different sub-disciplines.

Key words: ‘One Belt One Road’, rescaling, scalar politics, re-territorialization, potential costs

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9