地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 540-547.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.04.007

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经济形态演变对海洋海岛生态环境的影响——以美国海峡群岛为例

王辉1,2(), 刘小宇3, 张佳琛3, 王亮2   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院, 辽宁 大连 116029
    2. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心, 辽宁 大连 116029
    3. 辽宁师范大学历史文化旅游学院, 辽宁 大连 116081
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-25 修回日期:2016-02-06 出版日期:2016-07-21 发布日期:2016-07-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王辉(1975-),女,满族,辽宁葫芦岛人,博士,教授,研究方向为旅游地理。E-mail:wanghuiouki@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41301160)、国家旅游局青年旅游专家资助项目(TYETP201412)、教育部人文社科重点研究基地项目(15JJD790038)、大连市科协赴国(境)外参加科技交流活动的项目(803202)资助

Impact on the Ecological Environment of the Ocean Islands Through the Economic Evolution:A Case Study of the U.S. Channel Islands

Hui Wang1,2(), Xiaoyu Liu3, Jiachen Zhang3, Liang Wang2   

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2.Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    3.College of Historical and Cultural Tourism, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2016-01-25 Revised:2016-02-06 Online:2016-07-21 Published:2016-07-21
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (to WANG Hui) (NO.41301160), National Tourism Administration Youth Tourism expert of China (to WANG Hui) (NOTYETP201412), Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Sciences Key Research Base projects (to WANG Hui) (15JJD790038), Dalian Association for Science funding went to the country (territory) foreign exchange activities in science and technology projects (to WANG Hui) (NO.803202)

摘要:

海洋海岛生态环境脆弱,一旦遭受破坏难以修复。人类社会历经原始经济时代、农业经济时代、工业经济时代和知识经济时代,经济形态的演变影响着人类生存的生态环境。以美国海峡群岛为例,以时间和事件两个维度对海岛生态环境破坏、生态修复和环境保护进行梳理,侧重于知识经济时代在国家公园管理局管理下的生态修复和环境保护。其中信息知识、生态文明、高新技术是海峡群岛实现生态回归的重要因素。海峡群岛的发展历程和后期的生态修复与管理为其他国家海洋海岛经济发展提供借鉴。

关键词: 经济形态演变, 人类活动, 生态影响, 海洋海岛, 美国海峡群岛

Abstract:

Island is an important part of marine ecosystem. The society experienced the evolution of the original human society economy era, agricultural economy era, industrial economy era and knowledge economy era which affects the ecological environment for human survival. We chose U.S. Channel Islands as an example to straighten out the destruction of ecological environment, ecological restoration and environment protection of the islands, in time and events dimensions, especially focused on the era of knowledge economy in the National Park Service. Selected U.S. Channel Islands as the research object for the following reasons. Firstly, there are original residents on the islands, and the islands not only has cultural and historical integrity, but also the relative independence of the island's original inhabitants of the geographical unit. The Islands have a relatively simple and economic form of continuous change, and the spatial and temporal evolution of context are clear. So we can also be easy to describe the problem of it. Secondly, we had repeatedly visited the Channel Islands museum, local museum, maritime museum, the Channel Islands National Park Visitor Center, and collected a lot of data and information; And attended local colleges and universities graduate programs of the Channel Islands as well. Thirdly, we had experienced the ecological rehabilitation of the island. The difficulties of the islands large engineering were quite touched, so islands ecological restoration is a new task faced by the human. Use the case study method, through a lot of literature data analysis and carding detailed the history of the U. S. Channel Islands and their ecological evolution. According to the changing of Channel Islands in the original human society economy era, agricultural economy era, industrial economy era and knowledge economy era in the evolution of the economic form analysis. Make form to explain the event of ecological restoration since the establishment of the Channel Islands National Park; and the content and status quo of the ecological restoration for the five islands of Channel Islands National Park. The five islands are San Miguel Island, Santa Rosa Island, Santa Cruz Island, Anacapa Island, Santa Barbara Island. The research focused on ecological restoration and environmental protection through the management of the National Park Service in knowledge economy era. Many managements were made for protecting islands ecological environment planning: such as establishing all kinds of sea islands reservation; to formulate detailed rules in the park; mobilizing the shore city and community participation in ecological restoration and environment protection; using the Internet to publicity and education; and making park management plan and so on. The development of the Channel Islands and the ecological restoration and management of the Channel Islands in recent years provided a good lesson for other countries.

Key words: economic evolution, human activity, ecological impact, ocean island, the United States Channel Islands

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9