地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 555-563.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.04.009

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南方“红层荒漠”旅游开发价值分析

罗谷松1,2, 彭华1(), 闫罗彬1, 陈智1   

  1. 1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
    2.广州市社会科学院,广东 广州 510410
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-11 修回日期:2016-07-23 出版日期:2016-07-21 发布日期:2016-07-21
  • 作者简介:

    罗谷松(1980-),男,广东梅州人,副研究员,博士研究生,主要从事丹霞地貌发育及资源环境管理、产业经济研究。E-mail:461095796@qq.com

Tourism Development Value of ‘Red Beds Desert’ in South China

Gusong Luo1,2, Hua Peng1(), Luobin Yan1, Zhi Chen1   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences, Guangzhou 510410, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2015-03-11 Revised:2016-07-23 Online:2016-07-21 Published:2016-07-21

摘要:

“红层荒漠”是一种分布在红层母岩上的特殊土地退化景观,又称为“红层劣地”。其形成过程被称为“红层荒漠化”,指红层区受人为干扰,地表原有的生态结构遭到破坏,在外动力综合作用下,土层快速侵蚀,基岩或其风化壳裸露,土地生产力衰竭的极端土地退化过程。红层荒漠在粤、赣、湘等南方湿润区有较多的分布,荒漠化严重的区域一般是经济欠发达的区域,研究红层荒漠及其合理开发利用具有重要意义。结合多年丹霞地貌的研究成果,认为作为一种旅游资源,红层荒漠具有景观独特、资源稀缺、颠覆常识、生态科普、综合构景等特性,具备很高的旅游开发价值与很强的开发可行性。开发过程中,应当遵循开发服从保护、特色强化、综合效益最大化的原则,重视生态农业旅游和科普旅游等开发方向,可开发成为红层荒漠观光、红层荒漠科教旅游、生态农业示范旅游、红层荒漠山水旅游、红漠乡村旅游以及摄影主题旅游等景区。同时,要注意因地制宜,从资源特点、市场需求、环境保护等实际进行合理的谋划,与周边同类景区错位发展,与邻区其他景区加强联合,实现区域旅游互补发展。

关键词: 南方湿润区, 红层荒漠, 旅游开发, 资源价值, 开发模式

Abstract:

‘Red Beds Desert’ is a special degradation landscape,and one type of red beds landform with desert-like landscape, distributed on red beds mother rock and it’s also called as ‘red beds badland’. Its formation is called ‘Red Beds Desertification’. In the course of land extreme degradation, the red beds are influenced by humanity, original ecological structure on the earth’s surface is damaged, and then by the action of exogenetic force, the soil layer is rapidly eroded and the bedrock or its weathered crust is exposed, and finally land productivity is exhausted. Due to the special natural aspects, with excessive resource exploitation by humans, a kind of special process of land degradation-redbeds desertification occurred in redbeds areas in Southern China. The interruption of people is the trigger factor, and strong weathering and water erosion are dynamic factor. Red beds desert can be subdivided into two types, redbeds desertification with bare top and badlands-like redbeds desertification. In this article, we put more emphasis on the badlands-like redbeds desertification and its tourism exploitation. In China, redbeds desert (especially in humid regions) received no attention, we analyzed its feasibility by discussing its features, types, and so on. Red beds deserts are tensely distributed in Guangdong, Jiangxi, Hunan and other humid areas in Southern China. Generally, the areas of serious desertification are less developed areas and thus it’s significant to study red beds desert and its rational development and utilization. The protection and utilization of badlands-like redbeds desertification abroad has three main approaches, first, protection for the purpose, second, fix it for farming, third, open to tourists as one special landscape. This article points out that as a tourism resource, because of its desolation, fire-like collour against the landscape of green mountains and clear waters in South of China, redbeds desert can be a attraction with features of common sense subversion, ecological science popularization and integrated landscaping and that it also has high tourism development value and feasibility to tourists. Redbeds desert is fourth grade tourism resource containing recreational value, science and educational value, economic value, environmental value, social value et al. The exploitation of redbeds desert should not follow the conventional mode. Only maintaining landscape without vegetation and optimizing the surrounding environment can ensure the comprehensive benefits of exploitation. This article claims that during the development course, in the principle of environmental protection, characteristics strengthening and comprehensive benefit maximization, attention should be paid to agricultural tourism and science popularization tourism according to resource endowment in red beds deserts and landscape composition. Conceiving different kinds of tourism products by combination of historical culture, country relaxation, mountains and waters, and combination of red beds desert and ecological demonstration area. red beds knowledge popularization tourism, eco-agriculture tourism and red beds countryside tourism and photography theme tourism should be developed. Meanwhile, this paper also claims that measures should be adopted to suit the local conditions and that reasonable planning should be made for the resource features, market demand and environmental protection, to seek differential development with similar scenic spots nearby, cooperate with scenic spots nearby and realize regional tourism development in complementarity.

Key words: humid area of Southern China, Red Beds Desert, tourism development, resource value, development mode

中图分类号: 

  • K903