地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 653-661.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.05.002

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创新地理学研究的几个理论问题

吕拉昌1,2(), 黄茹1, 廖倩1   

  1. 1.首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院,北京 100048
    2.北京城市创新与发展研究中心,广东 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-25 修回日期:2015-09-17 出版日期:2016-07-20 发布日期:2016-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吕拉昌(1963-),男,陕西凤翔人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事创新地理、城市与区域规划研究。E-mail: lachanglu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471136)、北京市自然科学基金资助项目(9132002)、国家社科重大招标课题(12&ZD169)资助。

Several Theoretical Issues on Innovation Geography

Lachang Lyu1,2(), Ru Huang1, Qian Liao1   

  1. 1.Institute of resource environment and tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
    2. Beijing Urban Innovation and Development Research Center, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2015-08-25 Revised:2015-09-17 Online:2016-07-20 Published:2016-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Fundation of China(41471136), Natural Science Foundation of Beijing(9132002), Major Prject of National Social Sciences(12&ZD169)

摘要:

创新地理学是研究人类创新活动与地理环境关系的地域系统,是一门独立的人文地理分支学科,具有交叉学科的性质。其研究的“人类创新活动”是人类活动的最为重要的方面,对智慧的人地关系系统建设具有重要的意义。创新地理学与其他人文地理学的分支学科具有密切的联系,也与政治学、管理学、经济学、政策学、城市规划等学科有关,创新地理学面临的主要任务是:创新地理学基本理论的研究;创新要素(人才、资本、技术等)在空间的地域分布与组合规律的研究;创新环境、创新生态及评价研究;创新地理测度、创新空间格局与效应的研究;创新联系、创新网络及创新集群的研究;多尺度的创新体系的研究;创新、城市发展与规划的研究。

关键词: 创新地理学, 研究对象, 学科性质, 学科任务

Abstract:

In the 1920s, Schumpeter proposed the theory of Innovation, but this theory did not arouse the attention by mainstream economists until 1950s-1960s. Though the space research of innovation had also aroused the concern of the geographers during that period, it failed to be the main areas of geography study. Since the 1980s, with "spatial turn" of human geography and emerging of knowledge economy, innovation geography has emerged as an important research area of geography, however, the research on the basic theory of innovation geography is still very limited, and that whether innovation geography as an independent subject is still under debating, therefore, those important issues concerned the discipline of innovation geography, such as the research object, discipline nature and tasks need to be examined further. This article argues that: Innovation Geography is an independent subject studying relationship between human’s innovation activities and geographical environment. The innovation activities of human beings as the most important aspect of human activities have great significances to establishing the intelligent human-earth relationship system. As a branch subject of human geography, innovation geography has cross-discipline nature, because it has close relationship with the branch subject of human geography and other subjects such as political science, management science, economics, policy science, urban planning and so on. We conclude the main tasks of innovation geography as follows: 1) The basic theory of innovation geography; 2) the regional distribution and combination of innovation elements such as talents, capital, technology, etc.; 3) the examination and evaluation of Innovation Milieu and innovation ecology and evaluation; 4) the survey of innovation geography and the study of the space pattern and regional effect of innovation; 5) the study of innovation links, innovation networks and innovation cluster; 6) the study of multi-scale innovation system; 7) the relationship of innovation, urban development and planning.

Key words: Innovation Geography, research object, discipline nature, research tasks

中图分类号: 

  • K900