地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (8): 1165-1171.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.08.006

• • 上一篇    下一篇

基于市级尺度的中国城乡协调发展空间演化

张立生1()   

  1. 1.河南财经政法大学旅游与会展学院,河南 郑州 450046
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-27 修回日期:2016-04-17 出版日期:2016-08-20 发布日期:2016-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张立生(1974-),男,河南信阳人,副教授,主要研究方向:区域经济与旅游经济。E-mail:764969183@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家旅游局旅游业青年专家培养项目(TYETP201324)资助

Spatial Evolution in China’s Urban-rural Coordinated Development: A Case Study Based on Urban Scale Data

Lisheng Zhang1()   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Exhibition, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, Henan, China
  • Received:2015-07-27 Revised:2016-04-17 Online:2016-08-20 Published:2016-08-20
  • Supported by:
    National Tourism Administration of Tourism Youth Training Expert Project (TYETP201324)

摘要:

基于城市中观尺度,以中国333个城市数据为基础,运用多维变量测度中国城乡协调度及空间差异,并对其演变因素进行分析,主要得出如下结论:2004~2014年间,中国城市尺度下的城乡协调度总体呈上升趋势。城乡相关系数整体上在波动中呈递减趋势;城乡收入差异相对较大;城乡增长率逐渐缩小,且呈现倒U型。中协调区的空间格局占多数,且中协调区和低协调区具有扩大的趋势。中国城乡协调度存在区域间差异:东部地区协调度表现为上下波动,且增长趋势不明显;而中部地区、西部地区和东北地区整个研究时段的城乡协调度则呈现倒U型。改革开放程度和经济发展水平愈高,其城乡相关系数、城乡收入差异、城乡增长率差异和城乡协调度排名相对愈好。中国城乡协调度在时间和空间上的演化因素多与中国当前政策、经济因素有关。

关键词: 城乡协调发展, 空间格局, 演化, 城市尺度, 中国

Abstract:

With the perspective on urban scale, and based on the multi-dimension data from 333 Chinese cities, the article computes the Urban-rural coordination degree, space differences and evolution in China. By analyzing the factors which contribute to such evolution, the article makes the following conclusions: 1) Under urban and rural scale, coordination degree U in China keeps an upward trend from 2004 to 2014. 2) Urban-rural correlation coefficient as a whole presents an inverted U-shaped curve, showing a trend of fluctuation decline and resembling relatively large Urban-rural income gap; Urban-rural growth rate gradually reduces. 3) Spatial pattern of moderate coordination Urban-rural area are in majority, and moderate coordination Urban-rural area and lower coordination Urban-rural area keeps a trend of expanding. 4) China’s Urban-rural coordinated degree remains different between regions: Eastern Regional Coordinating degree U had fluctuations and no obvious growth trends were found; Urban-rural coordinated degree in the region of central China, western China and northeastern China shows an inverted U-shape in the whole study period. 5) The higher the degree of reform and opening up and economic development level, the higher the ranking of its Urban-rural correlation coefficient, Urban-rural income disparities, Urban-rural growth rate disparities and urban-rural coordination. 6) China’s current policy and economic situation, in terms of time and space, contribute more to the evolution of Chinese urban-rural coordination.

Key words: urban-rural coordinated development, spatial pattern, evolution, urban scale, China

中图分类号: 

  • TU982.29