地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1301-1309.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.09.003

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基于生态位理论的东北三省政府干预强度与市场化水平格局演变研究

刘洋1(), 王雨飞2, 刘勇3, 王光辉4,5()   

  1. 1.国家发展和改革委员会国土开发与地区经济研究所,北京 100038
    2.中国社会科学院财经战略研究院,北京 100028
    3. 北京理工大学人文与社会科学学院,北京 100081
    4.中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院(筹),北京 100190
    5.中国科学院科技政策与管理科学研究所,北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-28 修回日期:2016-06-26 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘洋(1966-),男,辽宁辽阳人,博士,主要从事区域发展、产业规划、东北转型等研究。E-mail:yangliu@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    资助项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71541026)资助;[National Nature Sciences Foundation of China (71541026).]

The Evolution of Government Intervention and Market Development in Northeast China Based on Niche Theory

Yang Liu1(), Yufei Wang2, Yong Liu3, Guanghui Wang4,5()   

  1. 1. Institute of Spatial Planning and Regional Economy, National Development and Reform Commission, Beijing 100038, China
    2. National Academy of Economic Strategy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100028, China
    3. School of Humanities and Social Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
    4. Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    5. Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2016-04-28 Revised:2016-06-26 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20

摘要:

以“政府干预强度”和“市场化水平”为研究对象,通过对其生态系统的剖析,构建相应的评价指标体系及其生态位模型,并选取东北三省地级市为评价对象,对其“强政府弱市场”格局和演变趋势进行分析。定量分析的主要结论为:东北三省普遍存在“强政府弱市场”现状,其中黑龙江省最为突出,其次为吉林省、辽宁省;东北三省“强政府弱市场”格局出现多次波动,仅2003~2005年降幅较高,说明2003年“东北振兴战略”影响效果的持续性较短;东北各地市“强政府弱市场”格局具有明显的区域溢出效应,格局较明显的区域主要集中在离中心城市或沿海口岸较远的黑龙江省北部以及辽宁省、吉林省的部分内陆城市。

关键词: 生态位理论, 东北三省, 政府干预强度, 市场化水平, 强政府弱市场

Abstract:

Through analyzing the ecological system, the corresponding evaluation index system and ecological niche models have been constructed to evaluate the government intervention intense and marketization level of the three provinces in Northeast China and 34 cities at the prefectural level. Then the pattern and trend of "government functions play a leading role while market functions play a supporting role" is further analyzed. A significant conclusion drawn out of the article when having conducted quantitative analyses is that there generally exists the status quo with "the government playing a leading role while the market playing a supporting role" in the three provinces in Northeast China and such a fact is the most prominent in Heilongjiang Province but less and less prominent in Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in turn. There is a fact that the setup with “the government playing a leading role while the market playing a supportive role” has witnessed a number of fluctuations in various areas in Northeast China but the decreasing margin was the largest from 2003 to 2005. It is proved that the influence of the Strategy of Revitalizing Northeast China formulated in 2003 is rather less sustainable, and that the setup with "the government playing a leading role while the market playing a supporting role" has an obvious regional spillover effect in various prefectures and cities in Northeast China. Such a setup is more obviously distributed in those regions that are rather far away from key cities or ports on the coast, including North Heilongjiang and certain inland cities in both Liaoning and Jilin Provinces.

Key words: Niche Theory, Northeast China, government intervention, market development, government functions play a leading role while market functions play a supporting role

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9