地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1320-1329.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.09.005

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东北振兴以来地区经济发展水平演化及空间分异模式

王姣娥1,2(), 杜德林2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-28 修回日期:2016-06-13 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王姣娥(1981-),女,湖南涟源人,副研究员,博士,主要从事交通地理与区域发展研究。E-mail:wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71541020)、中国科学院青年创新促进会项目资助

The Evolution of Economic Development Level in Northeast China and Its Spatial Differentiation Mode Scince 2003

Jiaoe Wang1,2(), Delin Du2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling/Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2016-04-28 Revised:2016-06-13 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (71541020), Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS.

摘要:

从经济基础、经济增长和经济结构等方面构建了地区经济发展水平的综合评价指标体系,并采用因子分析法和ESDA方法,从地级行政区尺度对东北振兴战略实施以来的经济发展水平、空间格局及演化规律进行研究。研究发现:过去十多年来,东北地区整体经济发展水平取得了一定的成就,但内部发展差异呈扩大趋势,黑龙江省北部成为东北经济发展最薄弱的地区;在空间上,东北经济发展呈现出集聚性,并主要表现为核心-边缘、轴带集聚发展以及沿海-沿边等空间分异模式。

关键词: 东北振兴, 空间格局, 区域差异, ESDA

Abstract:

In recent years, the economic development of Northeast China has come to the new normal state, the overall economic development has grown downward, and the phenomenon has become the focus concerned by researchers and the society. However, the development gap between cities is gradually expanding, and it has become a main barrier for Northeast China to achieve all-round well-off society. As such, this article builds a comprehensive evaluation index system for economic development level by three terms of economic base, economic growth and economic structure. Then the paper comprehensively studies the economic development, spatial differentiation and its evolution of Northeast China over its revitalized 10 years through factor analysis method and ESDA. The results are as follows: 1) Over the past 10 years, the economic development of Northeast China has obtained a certain degree of improvement. But the overall economic development level of Northeast China rises first and then decreases. 2) The economic development of Northeast China is spatially clustered, and the trend is strengthened over time. Meanwhile, the differences of cities on Northeast China are expanding. The northern area of Heilongjiang province is the weakest area of economic development level in Northeast China. 3) The economic development level of the cities whichareold industrial bases has been promoted at a certain degree, while that of the resource-based cities has been declined.The differences of economic development of the resource-based cities are more significant. Among the resource-based cities, the economic development level of the recessionary cities decline seriously, such as Yichun, Hegang, Shuangyashan, Qitaihe and Daxing’anling. At the same time, these cities only belong to the resource-based cities. 4) In terms of the economic development of Northeast China, it shows three kinds of patterns: the core-periphery mode with the core of four megacities, the agglomeration development pattern with the growth axis from Harbin to Dalian, and the mode with the economic development differences between the southern coastal cities to the northern border cities. The economic development of cities located in the axis from Harbin to Dalian or around the four major urban agglomerations is well. In order to impel the development of Northeast China, the government should lower the regional economic development well, and prevent further expanding of differences among these cities. When developing the cities belong to old industrial base constantly, the government should make the reasonable industrial transformation and increase policy support for the resource-based cities especially the recessionary cities, then gradually improve the ability of economic development. The northern are of Heilongjiang Province needs to get more support from the Central government, who should promote its economic development and prevent the gap with other cities to expand further.

Key words: revitalizing Northeast China, spatial pattern, regional disparity, ESDA

中图分类号: 

  • F124