地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1329-1337.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.09.006

• • 上一篇    下一篇

东北三省对外直接投资空间格局及影响因素

郑蕾1,2(), 刘毅1,3, 刘卫东1,2,3   

  1. 1.西北大学城市与环境学院,陕西 西安 710127
    2.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-26 修回日期:2016-08-05 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郑蕾(1988-),女,讲师,河南南阳人,主要从事经济地理与区域发展研究。E-mail:zhengl.11s@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(7154100063)资助

The Spatio-temporal Pattern Evolution of Northeast China’s Outward Direct Investment

Lei Zheng1,2(), Yi Liu1,3, Weidong Liu1,2,3   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, Shaanxi, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2016-04-26 Revised:2016-08-05 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    [National Natural Science Foundation of China (7154100063).]

摘要:

对外直接投资不仅是东北三省建立全方位开放型经济体制的必经阶段,也是实现全面经济振兴的重要契机。在中国进入对外投资加速发展阶段的背景下,“一带一路”战略、东北亚经济圈建设等为东北三省对外直接投资发展提供了机遇。利用2003~2014年的省际对外直接投资规模、境外投资机构等数据,全面分析了东北三省对外直接投资的发展路径、空间特征及其在国内地位,并采用地理加权回归(GWR)模型深入地分析了东北三省对外直接投资的关键影响因素及其时空差异,最后提出相应的空间发展战略及政策建议。研究表明:东北三省对外直接投资主要集中在农、林、矿等资源型行业,具有显著的贸易服务、市场服务特征,并且对政府和国有经济的依赖较大;技术水平和金融环境对东北三省对外直接投资的推动力仍有较大的提升空间;未来东北三省应推进企业联合投资和空间差异化投资战略,发挥国有企业的投资带动作用,加强对科技型企业和技术追寻型对外直接投资的鼓励和支持。

关键词: 东北三省, 对外直接投资, 时空格局, 影响因素, 发展战略

Abstract:

China has entered the era of rapid outward direct investment (ODI) expansion. Recently, “the Belt and Road” strategy and the Northeast Asia Economic Integration have provided boarder opportunities for outward direct investment of Northeast China. Promoting ODI is not only a necessary stage for Northeast China to build all-round opening up economy, but also a developing chance for revitalization of Northeast China. With the provincial ODI data by captical and insititutions from 2003 to 2014, this article firstly analyzes the spatio-temporal pattern of Northeast Chinese ODI. Then we used the geographically weighted regression model to detect the crucial factors that influence the development of Northeast Chinese ODI as well as its changing trend. Based on previous analysis, several suggestions were proposed to facilitate Northeast Chinese ODI. The results are as follows: 1) Northeast Chinese embraced a rapid growth after the financial crisis in 2008, but faced with downward pressure recently. The divergence of provincial ODI enlarged quickly, especially after 2008 when ODI of Liaoning province promptly surpassed ODI of Heilongjiang province. 2) Firms in Northeast China tend to invest directly near their home, thus the largest host country of Northeast Chinese ODI is Russia. Korea Peninsula and Japan are also on the list of the most attractive destinations the most attractive destinations of Northeast Chinese ODI. 3) Resource-seeking ODI is typical in Northeast China. More than 40% Northeast Chinese firms invested abroad in forestry, farming and mining industries. And most Northeast Chinese ODI aims at market and trade service. 4) GDP, export and the level of economy nationalization had positive influence with Northeast Chinese ODI from 2003 to 2013. GDP and export had relatively less impact on ODI in Northeast China than in other regions, while the level of economy nationalization played more and more important role in the expansion of Northeast Chinese ODI. In contrast, the impact of technology on ODI was not so significant in Northeast China. The gap of supply and demand of resource turned to be the most critical factor of the development of Northeast Chinese ODI from 2003 to 2013. Financial environment was supportive for firms in Northeast China to invest directly abroad in 2003, but became backward or even adverse in 2013. In the end, based on the results, we proposed that firms in Northeast provinces should enhance cooperation when investing abroad, and take a spatially differentiated investing strategy to avoid vicious competition. Heilongjiang province may aim at the market in Russia and Mongolia, while Jilin province may focus on investing in Korea and Japan. Liaoning province should strengthen ODI in North America and Europe, as well as critical coutries along the Maritime Silk Road such as Singapore, India and Indonesia. Northest China should exploit the advantages of SOEs to promote private ODI. Local governments of Northest China should further implement effective financial policies to encourage technology-seeking ODI and promote reverse technology spillover.

Key words: Northeast China, outward direct investment, spatio-temporal pattern, influencing factors, development strategy

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9