地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1349-1358.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.09.008

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中国东北三省对外贸易空间格局研究

刘志高1,2,3(), 张薇1,2,3, 刘卫东1,2,3   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-15 修回日期:2016-07-26 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘志高(1974-),男,湖北江陵人,副研究员,主要从事经济地理与区域发展研究。E-mail:liuzhigao@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(7154100063)资助

Spatial Pattern of Foreign Trade in Northeast China

Zhigao Liu1,2,3(), Wei Zhang1,2,3, Weidong Liu1,2,3   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-04-15 Revised:2016-07-26 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (7154100063).

摘要:

分析了东北三省整体的对外贸易规模及贸易伙伴,在此基础上,分别从省级和地市级尺度比较研究了东北三省内部对外贸易空间格局,以及东北三省在不同贸易空间方向上的商品结构。研究结果表明:东北三省与东南亚、中东等地区贸易规模有所增长,但日韩、德国、美国和俄罗斯等依然是其主要的贸易伙伴;东北三省对外贸易的商品多为原材料、初级加工品和劳动密集型产品等,且商品结构趋同明显,不利于发挥地区的比较优势;大城市和沿海港口城市是东北三省对外贸易重要的空间载体。根据东北三省及各自的对外贸易现状和面临的挑战,提出了差异化的进出口贸易空间格局优化策略。

关键词: 东北三省, 对外贸易, 空间范围, 商品结构, 空间载体

Abstract:

Economic growth rate in northeast China has dropped suddenly in the latest two years, beyond a reasonable range. “New Northeast Phenomenon” has attracted widespread attention from academic community and policy-makers, the rejuvenation of northeast China has been one hot-debated national development issue. Expanding opening up and developing foreign trades, is not only an important part of the whole strategy of rejuvenation of northeast China, but the significant method to achieve the revitalization of northeast. To identify the trading partner, the key industrial fields and space carriers of foreign trade in Northeast China, is much importance to upgrading the foreign trade volume and level. Firstly, this article analyzes the overall trading volume and partners of Northeast China. Secondly, it studies the internal spatial pattern of foreign trade at provincial and prefecture levels, as well as commodity structures of foreign trade in Northeast China. Data sources include 2003-2014 Statistical Yearbook and Statistical Bulletin of three provinces in Northeast China, Chinese customs statistics in 2014. The results show that: 1) While trade volume with Southeast Asia and Middle East has grown, Japan, South Korea, Germany, the United States and Russia has remained the important trading partners for Northeast China. 2) The trading commodity are mostly raw materials, primary processed products and labor-intensive products, implying the commodity exported from northeast China as whole is low- value added . 3) Major cities and coastal port cities are the main spatial carriers of foreign trading in Northeast China. Additionally, the article put forwards the different development strategy for foreign trade according to the current situation and challenges.

Key words: Northeast China, foreign trade, spatial scope, commodity structure, spatial carrier

中图分类号: 

  • K902