地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1359-1370.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.09.009

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东北地区资源型产业发展特征及对策建议

杨宇1,2(), 董雯1,3(), 刘毅1,2, 李小云1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830411
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-29 修回日期:2016-07-21 出版日期:2016-09-20 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨宇(1984-),男,山东威海人,副研究员,博士,主要从事能源地理与区域发展研究。E-mail:yangyu@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71541019, 41430636, 41371141)资助

Resources Based Industry Development and Its Countermeasures in Northeast China

Yu Yang1,2(), Wen Dong1,3(), Yi Liu1,2, Xiaoyun Li1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830411, Xinjiang, China
  • Received:2016-04-29 Revised:2016-07-21 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(71541019, 41430636, 41371141).

摘要:

通过资源型产业竞争力和空间集聚扩散等分析,得出以下结论:东北地区资源型产业基础地位明显,具有良好的结构效应,但相比全国资源型产业的发展,行业竞争力相对较弱。资源型产业空间分布不均衡,不同城市对资源型产业依赖程度各异。不同资源型产业的空间集聚与扩散态势及演化路径不同。针对这些特征,提出东北地区应针对不同资源型产业实施差异化的产业调整方案、加快技术创新体系建设提高资源型产业附加值、以产业区为空间支点推动资源型产业政策精准化、以大型企业集团为抓手推动资源型产业空间优化配置和利用境内境外两种资源保障东北地区资源型产业持续发展等方面提出了对策建议。

关键词: 资源型产业, 空间格局, 产业结构, 东北地区

Abstract:

Resources based industry (RBI) is not only a main industry that drives secondary industry development but it is also the basis of manufactures such as products of the petrochemical industry. It plays an important role in the regional development of Northeast China for hundred years. Nowadays, RBI is the most significant foundation to promote China’s government’s strategy of revitalizing old Northeastern industrial bases. It is of great academic and practical value to analyze to RBI development and its spatial evolution. We employ the Shift-Share analysis and exploratory spatial data analysis to examine the characteristics of RBI. Conclusions are as follows: 1) Shift-Share analysis shows that structure effect of RBI is higher than competitive effect. Both structure effect and competitive effect of Jinlin province are high, which represent a good growth trend. RBI of Heilongjiang province shows an opposite condition. Both of the two effects are negative value, indicating a depressed RBI development status. The main growth of RBI in Liaoning province comes from structure effect rather than competitive effect; 2) Spatial distribution of RBI shows an unbalanced status. Different cities have different dependence on RBI. Based on the ratio of RBI, cities are divided into 5 classifications. 3) Viewing from Moran’s I,RBI shows a trend from random to aggregation. Hot spots of RBI are moving towards coastal regions of Liaoning province. Different industries present different spatial evolution characteristics.According to these characteristics, some suggestions are pointed out, e.g. different industry policy, RBI technological innovation, industry zone and precision management,spatial optimal allocation and resources-oriented international strategy.

Key words: resources based industry, spatial evolution, industrystructure, Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9