地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1445-1456.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.10.001

• •    下一篇

东北现象再解析和东北振兴预判研究——对影响国土空间开发保护格局变化稳定因素的初探

樊杰1,2,3(), 刘汉初1,2,3, 王亚飞1,2,3, 赵艳楠1,2,3, 陈东1,2()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-31 修回日期:2016-09-12 出版日期:2016-10-20 发布日期:2020-09-07
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:樊杰(1961-),男,陕西西安人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理学和区域可持续发展研究。E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630644) 资助

The Northeast China Phenomenon” and Prejudgment on Economic Revitalization in Northeast China: A Primary Research on Stable Factors to Impact National Spatial Development and Protection Pattern

Fan Jie1,2,3(), Liu Hanchu1,2,3, Wang Yafei1,2,3, Zhao Yannan1,2,3, Chen Dong1,2()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geography Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-08-31 Revised:2016-09-12 Online:2016-10-20 Published:2020-09-07
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41630644)

摘要:

从“东北现象”的新近表现,提出影响国土空间开发保护格局变化的3个稳定因素:资源环境承载能力、地缘关系、文化和体制机制。分别对3个稳定因素在东北地区的特征状况进行了解析,结果表明东北资源环境承载能力本底强,但开发利用效益不佳,突出表现在优化开发区和重点开发区面积过小、限制性开发区收益较低、资源环境承载力预警超载低;位于全球三大经济圈之一的东北亚核心区,地缘优势突出,但未能转换为经济优势,突出表现为外向型经济比重过小、对日韩贸易地位不凸显;文化和体制机制成为限制东北地区发展的核心障碍,突出表现在产业结构不合理、国有经济比重过高。以五大发展理念为指引,结合东北振兴的问题导向,着重对东北地区提高科技创新能力解决发展驱动力的转型、创新国有企业改革模式和促进多种所有制经济协调发展、围绕“一带一路”战略实现开放经济的转型以及腾出国内市场促进东北优势产业继续保持活力、以共享发展理念消除城市贫困增进东北地区民生福祉、采取经济社会生态效益相统一的原则实现东北地区按照主体功能定位进行发展等开展预判研究。

关键词: 稳定因素, 预判研究, 承载能力, 软环境, 地缘关系, 国有经济, 城市贫困, 东北振兴, 东北现象

Abstract:

From the recent “The Northeast China Phenomenon”, three stable factors have been put forward that influence the optimization of protection and development of territorial space: resources and environment carrying capacity, geopolitical relations, regional culture and mechanism. The analysis on the three stable factors in the Northeast China respectively shows that the background of resources and environment carrying capacity in Northeast China is strong, but the efficiency of development and utilization is poor. The distinct manifestations are that the area of optimized region and prioritized region is small, the efficiency of restricted zones is poor, and the overload early-warning of resources and environment carrying capacity is low. Northeast China is located in the core of the Northeast Asian region, one of three economic circles. Its geopolitical advantages are prominent, but it fails to convert economic advantages. The distinct manifestations are the proportion of export-oriented economy is too small, and without prominent position in the trades with Japan and Public of Korea. Regional culture and mechanism have become the core obstacles to the development of Northeast China. The distinct manifestations are irrational industrial structure, the high proportion of state-owned economy. Combing with the problems of Northeast China revitalization, this article takes “innovation, coordination, green, open and sharing” development concept as guidelines, and then prejudge some core problems in Northeast China. The suggestions are: 1) Improving technology innovation ability to solve transformation of development driving force; 2) Innovating the mode of the stated-owned enterprises reform and promoting coordinated development of various ownership economy; 3) Centering on strategy of “one belt one road initiative” to implement the open economy transformation and vacating domestic market to promote the advantage industry in Northeast China, and continuing to maintain the vigor; 4) Eliminating urban poverty and increasing people's livelihood in Northeast China based on sharing concept; 5) Adopting the principle of the unity of economic, social and ecological balance to realize the main function in Northeast China.

Key words: stable factors, prejudgment, carrying capacity, soft environment, geopolitical relations, state-owned economy, urban poverty, northeast revitalization, the Northeast China Phenomenon

中图分类号: 

  • F062.4