地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1565-1572.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.10.014

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土壤水盐运移模型研究进展及展望

解雪峰1(), 濮励杰1,2(), 朱明1, 许艳1, 王小涵1, 徐彩瑶1   

  1. 1.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
    2.国土资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室,江苏 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-11 修回日期:2016-04-07 出版日期:2016-10-20 发布日期:2020-09-07
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:解雪峰(1991-), 男, 安徽合肥人, 博士研究生, 主要从事土地利用与环境效应研究。E-mail:xiexuefeng2008@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国土资源部公益性行业科研专项(201511086) 资助

Evolution and Prospects in Modeling of Water and Salt Transport in Soils

Xie Xuefeng1(), Pu Lijie1,2(), Zhu Ming1, Xu Yan1, Wang Xiaohan1, Xu Caiyao1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    2. Key Laboratory of the Coastal Zone Exploitation and Protection, Ministry of Land and Resources, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2016-01-11 Revised:2016-04-07 Online:2016-10-20 Published:2020-09-07
  • Supported by:
    Special Funds for Public Industry Research Projects of the Ministry of Land and Resources(201511086)

摘要:

回顾了国内外土壤水盐运移模型的发展历程,根据土壤水盐运移模型构成的原理和发展趋势,将土壤水盐运移模型分为水盐平衡模型、物理模型和系统模型。借助国内外文献对已有模型的原理和应用进行了介绍,并对存在的问题进行了分析;展望了新形势下土壤水盐运移模型的未来发展趋势和研究重点,旨在为今后土壤水盐运移模型研究提供新的思路。

关键词: 土壤盐渍化, 水盐运移, 模型, 展望

Abstract:

The mechanism of soil water and salt movement research is one of the core issues in soil salinization research. The study of modeling in soil water-salt transport is of great significance for find out the soil water and salt movement law. This article reviews the achievements of soil water-salt transport model, divided the soil water-salt transport model into water-salt balance models, physical models and system models in accordance with the principles and trends of water-salt transport in different soils. Introduced the theories and applications of existing models by means of literature at domestic and foreign, then analyzed the problems of existing models and prospected the future trends of soil water-salt transport model in the new situation and priorities for future research. Integrated modelling of soil water-salt transport, field and regional scalemodel for simulating soil water-salt transport, and water-salt transport model coupled with crop growth model are considered to be the key point of the research on water-salt transport model in the future. This article aims to provide new ideas for the study of soil water-salt transport model in the future.

Key words: soil salinization, water and salt transport, model, prospect

中图分类号: 

  • F153