地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 1605-1613.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.11.001

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产品结构演化的跨界效应研究——基于中国地级市出口产品的实证分析

贺灿飞1(), 任永欢2, 李蕴雄2   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2.北京大学城市规划与设计学院,广东 深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-25 修回日期:2016-03-25 出版日期:2016-11-10 发布日期:2016-11-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:贺灿飞(1972-),男,江西永新人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事区域经济和产业地理研究。E-mail:hecanfei@urban.pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金杰出青年基金项目(41425001),国家自然科学基金项目(41271130)资助

The Mechanism of Cross-boundary Product Evolution in China: An Empirical Analysis Based on Export Product of Prefecture-level Cities

Canfei He1(), Yonghuan Ren2, Yunxiong Li2   

  1. 1.College of Urban and environmental Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2.College of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2015-12-25 Revised:2016-03-25 Online:2016-11-10 Published:2016-11-10
  • Supported by:
    National Science Fundation for Distinguished Scholars (41425001), National Nature Science Foundation of China (41271130).

摘要:

使用2002~2013年中国(不包括港澳台地区)地级市出口的四位数产品数据,建立高维固定效应模型探究了新产品的出现与邻近地区之间的关系。回归结果显示产品的演化可以在邻近地区之间跨越行政边界发生,但发生的条件是本地要拥有良好的相关产业基础。同时省间分权作用会阻碍跨边界演化过程。除此之外,跨边界演化机制表现出明显的地区差异与行业差异。

关键词: 跨边界演化, 出口相似性, 知识扩散, 邻近性, 分权

Abstract:

New product promotes the sustainable growth of the local economy. Evolutionary economic geographers believe that the emergence of new products is based on local original products and related industries, saying that the development of new industries demands access to local capability. Local capability is the key source of technological and industrial diversification, which provides potentials for regions to diversify into new technologies and industries. Organizational routines are core concept in an evolutionary approach. Economic evolution can then be understood as the selective transmission of routines among organizational entities. However little attention has yet been paid to the role of spillovers from neighbor regions for industrial diversification. Regions are in an associative network but not absolutely isolated, especially for the neighbor regions. Knowledge spillovers may occur across regions and successful routines may be transferred to neighbor regions by the way of population mobility and spinoff. So this article discusses whether the evolutionary process can cross space and administrative boundaries based on the current evolutionary theories. To answer this question, we analyze the development of new products in Chinese prefecture-level cities during the period 2002-2013 using the HS 4-digit classification data on exports. The results show that the evolution of product can occur across administrative boundaries between neighbor cities, but only when the local has a good foundation of relevant industries. And the decentralization between provinces is a significant barrier for cross-boundary evolution. Besides, taking into account of the different knowledge attributes of products and the regional difference of economic development, there exist significant differences among regions and products in cross-boundary evolutionary mechanisms.

Key words: cross-boundary product evolution, export similarity, knowledge diffusion, proximity, decentralization

中图分类号: 

  • K902