地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 1614-1621.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.11.002

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中国和美国海洋经济与海洋产业结构特征对比——基于海洋GDP中国超过美国的实证分析

张耀光1(), 刘锴1, 王圣云2, 刘桓3, 刘桂春1, 彭飞1, 王泽宇1, 高源1, 高鹏1   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连116029
    2.南昌大学中国中部经济社会发展研究中心,江西 南昌333347
    3.日本立命馆大学大学院政策科学研究科,日本 大阪 567-8570
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-10 修回日期:2016-04-10 出版日期:2016-11-10 发布日期:2016-11-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张耀光(1934-),男,上海人,教授,博导,主要从事海洋地理与海岛发展规划工作。E-mail:zhangyaoguang@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601114、41671119)资助

A Comparison of Marine Economy and Marine Industrial Structure Between China and the US: A Pragmatic Study Based on the Fact That China Surpassed the US in Marine Economic Output

Yaoguang Zhang1(), Kai Liu1, Shengyun Wang2, Huan Liu3, Guichun Liu1, Fei Peng1, Zeyu Wang1, Yuan Gao1, Peng Gao1   

  1. 1.Center For Study of Sustainable Development and Marine Economy, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaonign, China
    2.Center for Studies on Middle Economy Development, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, Jiangxi, China
    3. Graduate School of Policy Science of Ritsumeikan University, Osaka 567-9570, Japan
  • Received:2015-12-10 Revised:2016-04-10 Online:2016-11-10 Published:2016-11-10
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Sciences Foundation of China (41601114, 41671119).

摘要:

对比中美两国海洋经济总产值(海洋经济增加值)发现, 2011年开始,中国海洋经济总产值(海洋经济增加值)(2 849.73×108美元),已超过美国海洋经济增加值(2 779.02×108美元)(实际GDP)。重点分析2005~2012年,中国海洋产业超过美国的演进过程,并以两国共同的6个海洋产业部门为例,分析了中国与美国海洋产业发展历程。为了体现中美两国海洋经差异的特征与规律性,应用标准差、变差系数、集中化指数(基尼系数)、锡尔系数等方法,分析了中、美两国在海洋经济总值(海洋经济增加值)、海洋产业与区域海洋经济的差异与特征。

关键词: 海洋经济, 海洋产业, 中国, 美国

Abstract:

China and the United States are two big marine powers in the world, both of which boast long coastlines, vast waters, and abundant marine resources. The ocean is lifeline supporting coastal development and the thoroughfare leading to the world market. The sea and marine resources in both China and the United States has a very important role in their perspective economic development. Starting in 2011, China's marine economic output (marine economic value added)(2 849.73×108 US$) surpassed the United States Marine Economic Value Added (2 779.02×108 US$)(real GDP). This article focuses on the evolution process of China surpassing the United States in the marine industry lasting from 2005 to 2012. Among six marine industry sectors, China started ahead of the US only in one of them, but now the US is stronger than China only in the sector of ocean mining (mainly offshore oil and gas exploration industry). In order to demonstrate the features and patterns of the differences in marine economy between the two countries, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, concentration index (Gini coefficient), Theil indes, to analyze the differences in marine economic output (marine economic value added), marine industry and regional marine economy between the two countries. Taking into account the future development trend of these two marine economies.

Key words: marine economy, marine industry, China, the US

中图分类号: 

  • F016