地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 1688-1696.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.11.011

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地域认同视角下沿海城市海洋性特征分析与评价

狄乾斌1(), 计利群1   

  1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-12 修回日期:2016-04-07 出版日期:2016-11-10 发布日期:2016-11-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:狄乾斌(1977-),男,山东滕州人,博士,副教授,研究方向为经济地理。E-mail:dqbwmn@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571127)和辽宁省高等学校优秀科技人才支持计划(WR2014005)资助

Analysis and Evaluation of Coastal Cities Marine Characteristics from the Perspective of Regional Identity

Qianbin Di1(), Liqun Ji1   

  1. Marine economy of Liaoning normal university and the sustainable development research center, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2016-01-12 Revised:2016-04-07 Online:2016-11-10 Published:2016-11-10
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Sciences Foundation of China(41571127),Outstanding Scientific and Technical Personnel Supporting Program of High School in Liaoning Province (WR2014005).

摘要:

海洋是影响整个沿海城市发展方式和城市精神的重要因素。在定义沿海城市的海洋性特征概念的基础上,总结概括出13个体现沿海城市海洋性特征的影响因素,并以这些影响因素对形成地域认同感作用的直接程度为逻辑判断标准,运用解释结构模型(ISM)定性分析了这些因素影响人们地域认同感的递进关系。结果表明:城市海洋景观、城市涉海就业、城市海洋产品和服务消费对沿海城市地域认同感的影响最为直接;城市海洋文化和城市海洋产业生产是承上启下的关键环节;其他影响因素是系统的基础元素。参照该结果,构建了沿海城市海洋性特征评价体系,并运用舍弃等级论域的模糊综合评价方法对中国7个典型沿海城市进行评价排序。评价结果显示沿海城市海洋性特征:大连>青岛>宁波>上海>厦门>天津>深圳。

关键词: 沿海城市, 海洋性特征, 地域认同, 解释结构模型, 模糊综合评价

Abstract:

Ocean is an important factor affecting the development mode and the city spirit of the coastal cities, and also has strong influence on people’s regional identity. Based on explaining the definition of the coastal cities Maritime Characteristics, this article has summed up 13 influencing factors of coastal cities Maritime Characteristics. Furthermore, this article has analyzed qualitatively the progressive relationship between these factors using Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM) on the basis of the degree of how directly these factors impact on regional identity. The results show that the ocean landscape, ocean-related employment, marine employment and marine products and services consumption have mostly impacted on coastal cities regional identity .Marine culture and marine industry production serves as a connecting link between the preceding and the following. Other factors are the basic elements of the system. According to the results, this article has constructed an evaluation system of coastal cities Maritime Characteristics. Evaluate and sort the seven typical coastal cities in China useing fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The results showed that Dalian > Ningbo > Shanghai > Xiamen > Tianjin > Shenzhen. Through the analysis and evaluation, this article hopes to provide a reference for the construction of Maritime Characteristics in our coastal cities, and give a preliminary study for the discussion of “Marine City” conception.

Key words: Coastal Cities, Marine Characteristics, Regional Identity, Interpretation Structural Model, Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation.

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9