地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 1697-1705.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.11.012

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基于交通网络的区域旅游空间合作效率评价与差异变化分析——以湘西地区为例

王兆峰1,2(), 李丹2   

  1. 1.湖南师范大学旅游学院,湖南 长沙 410006
    2.吉首大学商学院,湖南 吉首 416000
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-18 修回日期:2016-08-25 出版日期:2016-11-10 发布日期:2016-11-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王兆峰(1965-),男,湖南桑植人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事旅游地理研究。E-mail:jdwzf@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41261032、41461032),湖南省自然科学基金项目(14JJ2012)资助

Regional Tourism Space Cooperation Efficiency Evaluation and Difference Change Based on Traffic Network: A Case of the Western Hunan, China

Zhaofeng Wang1,2(), Dan Li2   

  1. 1.College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410006, Hunan,China
    2.Business School, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China
  • Received:2015-12-18 Revised:2016-08-25 Online:2016-11-10 Published:2016-11-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41261032, 41461032), Hunan Natural Science Foundation (14JJ2012).

摘要:

分析旅游合作效率指标的基础上,通过前提假设构建了交通网络结构下湘西地区区域旅游合作效率评价模型,并运用综合评价法及层次分析法对湘西地区2004~2014年旅游合作效率进行了实证分析。分析结果显示,由于交通网的逐步完善,湘西地区区域旅游合作效率不断上升,从2004年的0.07到2014年的0.75,区域旅游合作效率与地区交通网络密度以及交通网络优势度呈现协调增长的关系。同时,由于地区间交通质量差异、交通配套设施差异及交通通达度和连接度影响旅游合作效率,导致区域内各州市之间旅游合作效率仍然存在较大的差异。

关键词: 湘西地区, 交通网络, 旅游合作, 效率, 空间差异

Abstract:

Evaluation of efficiency of regional tourism cooperation is an important way to reveal the current state, degree and level of tourism cooperation. It is useful to promote regional tourism cooperation through efficiency evaluation. This article analyzes tourism cooperation efficiency and constructs the evaluation model for regional tourism cooperation underpinned by structure of transportation network. Then, using the methods of comprehensive evaluation and analytic hierarchy process from three dimensions, the transport network density, accessibility and traffic network, this article takes an empirical analysis on the tourism cooperation efficiency from two perspective of time and space. The results show that the gap of efficiency of regional tourism cooperation in the western Hunan has arisen from 0.07 in 2004 to 0.75 in 2014 resulting from improved transport network. Efficiency of regional tourism cooperation within the western Hunan varies from regions. There is a coordinated relationship between efficiency of regional tourism cooperation and density of transport network or advantage of transport network arising from regional economic development level, traffic network conditions and its spatial layout. The gap of tourism cooperation efficiency of different prefecture region increased from 0.03 in 2004 to 0.21 in 2014. They are different in quality of traffic, degree of transport facilities and accessibility of transport. These inputs of transport affect investment of productive factor and allocation of resource, which lead to different level of tourism cooperation efficiency. It need to intensify construction of transportation network, continuously improve the quality of traffic construction and utilization rate, and optimize the structure of transportation network layout, for improving the efficiency of regional tourism cooperation.

Key words: the western China (Xiangxi area), traffic network, tourism cooperation, efficiency, spatial differences

中图分类号: 

  • F590.3