地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 1767-1776.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.12.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国高校创新产出的空间溢出效应与区域经济增长——基于省域数据的空间计量经济分析

胡曙虹1(), 黄丽1(), 范蓓蕾2, 肖刚1,3   

  1. 1.华东师范大学科技创新与发展战略研究中心, 上海 200241
    2.美国密歇根州立大学规划设计建设学院, 东兰辛48823, 美国
    3.江西财经大学旅游与城市管理学院, 江西 南昌 330031
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-21 修回日期:2016-02-10 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡曙虹(1986-),女,江西泰和人,博士研究生,主要从事科技创新与区域发展研究。E-mail:hushuhong0713@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471108)、国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(41301117,41501141)资助

Spatial Spillover Effects of Innovative Outputs of University and Its Impacts on Regional Economic Growth of China: Based on Spatial Econometrics Analysis of Provincial Data

Shuhong Hu1(), Li Huang1(), Peilei Fan2, Gang Xiao1,3   

  1. 1.Institute for Innovation and Strategic Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241,China
    2. School of Planning Design & Construction, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 48823, USA
    3. School of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economic, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, China
  • Received:2015-11-21 Revised:2016-02-10 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41471108), National Natural Science Foundation of China for Young Scholars (41301117,41501141)

摘要:

采用空间计量经济学方法,基于2003~2012年中国省域高校创新产出及经济增长的统计数据,对中国省域高校创新产出的空间溢出效应及其对区域经济增长的影响进行测算与分析。结果表明:中国省域高校创新产出存在一定的空间依赖性,空间分布的不平衡性逐步加剧,从2003年的“沿海-沿江”分布进一步演变至2012年明显集聚在长江三角洲及山东、湖北、重庆等少数省域;空间计量模型结果表明,研究期内高校创新产出对区域经济增长的拉动作用不断提升;计量结果显示,高校通过基础研究及产学研合作获得的创新产出对促进区域经济增长的贡献显著。

关键词: 高校创新产出, 区域经济增长, 空间自相关, 空间计量模型

Abstract:

Under the ground of globalization and knowledge economy, as the first executive main body of knowledge innovation system, the main way of university participate in economic development is transfer knowledge and research results to the driving force. With the method of spatial econometrics, and using the data of university innovation and regional economic growth from 2003 to 2012, this article measured spatial aggregating features of innovative outputs of universities in province area in China and calculated its impact on regional economic growth. The results showed that: 1) Innovative outputs of universities of China exist certain space dependence. The imbalance of spatial agglomeration gradually intensified, and the agglomeration area is along east-coast and the Yangtze River in 2003, further evolution apparent agglomeration in Yangtze River Delta, Shandong, Hubei and Chongqing in 2012. 2) Spatial econometric model has good estimation results when used to research the correlative mechanism of innovative outputs of universities and regional economic growth. The pull effects from innovative outputs of universities on economic growth were upgrading during the study period. 3) According to the results, innovative outputs of universities that gained from basic research and industry-university-institutes cooperation have significantly contribution on promoting regional economic growth. Then put forward corresponding policy recommendations based on the empirical analysis. The results of empirical analysis have provided new perspectives to analyze the function of university in China and have also offered certain theory references to construct and improve the regional knowledge innovation system. The main corresponding policy recommendation is the role and function especially in basic research and original innovation of university should be further strengthened in order to generate new research results of knowledge innovation for the development of regional innovation system.

Key words: innovative outputs of university, regional economic growth, spatial autocorrelation, spatial econometric model

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9