地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 1802-1810.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.12.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

深圳市城中村“非正规住房”空间特征与演化研究

赵静1(), 闫小培2, 朱莹1   

  1. 1.南京晓庄学院环境科学学院, 江苏 南京 211171
    2.中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-20 修回日期:2016-11-19 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵静(1981-),安徽寿县人,副教授,博士,主要研究方向为城市社会地理。E-mail:zhaojing113@sohu.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41201151,41501487)、南京晓庄学院地理学重点学科建设项目资助

Spatial Characteristics and Evolution of Informal Housing in Urban Village of Shenzhen

Jing Zhao1(), Xiaopei Yan2, Ying Zhu1   

  1. 1. School of Environmental Science, Nanjing Xiaozhuang University, Nanjing 211171, Jiangsu, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2015-09-20 Revised:2016-11-19 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China (41201151,41501487), Key Discipline Construction Project of Geography in Nanjing Xiaozhuang University

摘要:

基于住房普查和建筑普查资料,对深圳市城中村“非正规住房”的空间特征与演化进行研究。得出以下结论:城中村“非正规住房”的空间集聚特征明显并形成若干集聚区,且表现出明显的圈层分化,非正规住房规模比重从城市中心到边缘呈先增长后降低的发展态势。影响城中村“非正规住房”空间结构的主因子包括规模因子、住房构成因子、增长因子、建筑特征因子和使用状态因子,城中村“非正规住房”可以划分为边缘增长型、空间集聚型、相对稳定型和中心转化型等4种类型。 深圳市城中村“非正规住房”的发展演化过程包括形成阶段、快速发展阶段、高潮阶段和缓慢增长阶段,不同阶段的非正规住房具有差异化的演化背景与空间结构特征。

关键词: 非正规住房, 城中村, 空间特征, 演化, 深圳

Abstract:

China has been experiencing a rapid urbanization, together with a huge wave of immigrant population to cities. The housing problem of rural-urban migrants in China has become a focus of both academic and government concerns. Most of the rural-urban migrants cannot find suitable shelters through formal channels because of low-income and their Hukou registration. Due to the contradiction between housing supply and demand, the informal housing in urban village plays an important part in housing supply. Informal housing is widespread in urban village of rapid urbanization area. Scholars in western countries have established sound theoretical frameworks for studying informal housing, but the research fruits are rather limited in China. Therefore, the study on informal housing is of special importance to China's urban housing market and the healthy development of urbanization. Based on the census data, the article analyzes the spatial characteristics and evolution of informal housing in urban villages. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) Informal housing in urban villagesis appeared as spatial agglomeration and formed several concentrated area. The proportions of informal housing in different circles appear as significantly difference. 2) Taking use of the housing census data, this article divide the types of informal housing based on the method of factor analysis. The principal factors affected informal housing including the scale factors, housing constitution factors, growth factors, building characteristics and the using factors. The informal housing in urban villages is divided into four types: the fast growing informal housing, the spatial concentration informal housing, the relatively stable informal housing and the transforming informal housing. The fast growing informal housing tends to be distributed in the periphery of the city. The distribution of spatial concentration informal housing is likely along the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. The main types within the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone are relatively stable and transforming informal housing. 3) The spatial types of informal housing represent the different stage of urbanization. There are different building characteristics and development patterns of informal housing at different stage of urbanization. The formation and development of informal housing reflects the interaction of structure and agency. The results reflect the interaction between strength of top-down and bottom-up in the process of the housing supply.

Key words: informal housing, urban village, spatial characteristics, evolution, Shenzhen City

中图分类号: 

  • F293.2