地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 1877-1884.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.12.013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市规模与旅游成长空间关系、演变及驱动因子——长江三角洲城市级别体系新认识

张毓(), 孙根年   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院,陕西 西安710062
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-14 修回日期:2016-04-18 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 张毓(1985-),女,安徽宿州人,博士研究生,主要从事旅游经济运行研究。E-mail:yuzhang0812@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(2016CBY013)、国家旅游局万名英才计划?研究型英才培养项目(WMYC20151066)、国家社会科学基金项目(12BJY131)资助

Spatial Relation Between City Size and Tourism Growth, and Its Evolution and Driving Factors: New Understanding of City Level System in the Yangtze River Delta

Yu Zhang(), Gennian Sun   

  1. Tourism and Environment College of Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2015-12-14 Revised:2016-04-18 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20
  • Supported by:
    Fundamental Research Funds For the Central Universities (2016CBY013), Research-oriented talents training project of National Tourism Administration (WMYC20151066), National Social Sciences Foundation of China (12BJY131)

摘要:

以“揭示规律、验证规律”为研究逻辑起点,提出“城市规模-旅游成长-城市级别”数理空间分布模型及其时空演变模型,以长江三角洲地区城市体系为例,系统搜集1995~2014年系列基础数据,探讨城市规模与旅游成长的空间关系及其演变机理。结果表明:20 a来长三角地区城市规模、旅游成长、城市级别的数理空间分布呈三段“金字塔”式结构,城市级别越高,分布数量越少; 三元空间关系在演变中,1995~2009时期内的三阶段符合演变模型的A线关系趋向,2010~2014阶段呈“核”式分布,旅游对城市规模存在倒逼效应; 依据城市4个基本象限类分布,级别高的城市分布在类区,类区与类区间存在单向转换与演变关系;对驱动因子剖析,政府政策的倾斜、城市规模效应以及旅游的快速发展共同促成三元关系的演变格局。

关键词: 城市规模, 旅游成长, 城市级别, 长江三角洲

Abstract:

On the basis of the geostatistical method and the Origin technology, the article sets up a mathematical model of spatial distribution of and a space-time process model of “city size-tourism growth-city level” on the basis of “revelation and verification of regularity”. A range of basic data of the year 1995-2014 about the urban system in Yangtze River Delta were collected to explore the spatial relations between city size and tourism growth, and the evolution mechanism. The research results showed that: 1) Since 20 years ago, the mathematical and spatial distributions of city size, tourism growth and city level have been demonstrated as three parts in the shape of pyramid, meaning that the higher city level, the less number of city distribution. And this feature is especially applicable to some big cities with flourishing economy and prosperous tourism. 2) In the ternary spatial relations, three stages during 1995-2009 behaved as the line “A” relations of the evolution model, and this feature is very typical like “A” line in the model. In 2010-2014, the relations graph was in the shape of an oval, indicating that tourism growth forced the expansion of city size. In order to achieve tourism economic benefits, cities has realized by way of increased infrastructure. This is also the embodiment of the economic development cycle feedback model. 3) Based on the distribution of cities in 4 basic quadrants, Quarter I is for cities have highest level. With the expansion of city size and the growing tourism, Quarter IV is related to Quarters II and III. 4) The pattern and evolution about the relationship between city size and tourism growth, is a system within three factors. The higher city level, the government has greater efforts with policy system, power allocation, financial support and resources allocation to accelerate the expansion of cities, and then city size effect has been obvious. The analysis of driving factors shows that support policies adopted by governments, city size and rapid tourism growth have jointly contributed to the evolution of the ternary relations.

Key words: city size, tourism growth, city level, the Yangtze River Delta

中图分类号: 

  • F590