地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 228-235.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.02.008

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基于日常购物行为的广州社区居住-商业空间匹配关系

吴丹贤1,2(), 周素红3,4()   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州510275
    4.广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室, 广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-07 修回日期:2016-07-24 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-02-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴丹贤(1992-),女,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市地理与城市发展。E-mail: wudanxian15@mails.ucas.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41522104;41271166);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(15LGJC24)资助

The Matching Pattern of Housing-Shopping Space Based on Residents’ Daily Shopping Behaviors: A Case Study of Communities in Guangzhou, China

Danxian Wu1,2(), Suhong Zhou3,4()   

  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3.School of Geography Science and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275,Guangdong, China
    4.Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2016-02-07 Revised:2016-07-24 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-25
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Sciences Foundation of China(41522104;41271166);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(15LGJC24)

摘要:

结合城市转型的宏观背景,通过与居民生存需求、生活质量密切相关的日常购物行为来解读社区尺度的居住-商业空间关系,对社区商业服务设施的合理配建具有现实意义。利用入户问卷和商业设施POI数据,以日常购物出行距离来衡量广州社区的居住-商业空间关系,构建多元回归模型验证制度及结构性因素、社区周边商业设施供给、居民购物目的地选择偏好和个人及家庭社会经济属性四大方面因素的影响,而这些因素与住房制度变革、郊区化、业态变迁等制度-空间-社会变革紧密相关。结果表明,广州社区居住-商业空间的匹配关系总体良好,1 500 m是评价这种关系的重要阈值,但郊区存在明显的不匹配现象。四大因素都不同程度地影响了郊区的空间不匹配,并据此针对性地提出改善建议。

关键词: 日常购物, 居住–, 商业空间, 空间匹配, 城市转型, 社区, 广州

Abstract:

Geographers increasingly focus on spatio-temporal patterns of shopping behaviors and its influencing factors in China. However, few researchers try to unscramble the matching pattern of housing-shopping space based on microcosmic behaviors. Based on residents’ daily shopping behaviors closely related with their basic need and living quality under the macro-background, the evaluation of the pattern of housing-shopping space in communities of Guangzhou will contribute a lot to the construction of community commercial facilities. In this article, firstly we figure out the matching relationship between residents' daily shopping and the supply of community commercial facilities through a major index of distance. Then based on a multiple linear regressive model, we try to quantitatively explore those factors influencing the above matching pattern. The paper takes into consideration four major factors for further analysis: institutional-structural factors, the supply of surrounding commercial facilities, preference of daily shopping destination, social-economic properties of individual and family. Several results are carried out as follow: Generally the matching relationship of housing-shopping space behaves well, in which the construction of community facilities within 1 500 meters counts a lot. However, the relationship in the suburbs is much worse than that in the center. System-space-social changes have different effects on the above relationship in the suburbs, ranging from the marketization of housing, the reform of housing system, suburbanization to the changing of commerce types. Those significant factors can be summarized to two parts: objective restrict and subjective decision. On the one hand, the article verifies the effects of house type, macro-location of dwelling and supply of its surrounding commercial facilities. House type and macro-location of dwelling both play an indirect role .What really matters is the supply of specific type of commercial facilities within a certain distance. In other words, it’s more effective to improve the comprehensive commercial facilities within 1 500 meters away from home. On the other hand, social-economic properties of residents and their preference are also influencing factors. It’s worth noting that residents’ preference for shopping complex is increasingly visible with the retail format transition and lifestyle change. During the transition period, it’s common to find such kind of mismatch of housing-shopping space in the suburbs in Guangzhou. So some suggestions are given to make it possible to solve the above problem of mismatching effectively. Not only should we improve the spatial relationship according to different location characteristic, community type and group attribute, but we should also reinforce the construction of commercial complex within walking distance.

Key words: daily shopping, housing-shopping space, spatial matching pattern, urban transformation, community, Guangzhou

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2