地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 641-650.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.05.001

• •    下一篇

变化发展中的中国人文与经济地理学

陆大道()   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-10 修回日期:2017-03-23 出版日期:2017-05-25 发布日期:2017-05-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陆大道(1940-),男,安徽省桐城人,中国科学院院士,长期从事国土开发、可持续发展及城镇化研究。E-mail:ludd@isg.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41530634)、中国科学院院士咨询项目(Y6R60090YE)资助

The Changing Humanistic and Economic Geography in China

Dadao Lu()   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-03-10 Revised:2017-03-23 Online:2017-05-25 Published:2017-05-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41530634), Chinese Academy of Sciences Academician Counseling Project (Y6R60090YE)

摘要:

学科方向与研究领域的确定是学科发展的灵魂。人文与经济地理学是研究领域乃至研究方向均处于变化中的学科,重新认识人文与经济地理学的研究领域与学科方向至关重要。通过梳理几十年来中国人文与经济地理学主要分支学科发展阶段,总结了人文与经济地理学对转型发展社会背景的响应,一方面要坚持学科交叉的性质,以“人-地系统”为理论方向和走理论与实践相结合的道路,另一方面人文与经济地理学者要以新的心态、新的视野,来思考未来发展的重点领域、发展理念以及理论与方法的创新。对长期以来学科涉及到的主要问题,战略性、咨询性、预测性甚至总结经验性(成果表现为发展学科理论)的工作将会逐渐增加,重要性将逐渐显现。阐述了信息化与社会空间经济组织、区域经济新格局与新型城镇化等重要研究领域的发展变化趋势,就“国际热点”与“国际前沿”、理论研究及理论与实践的关系等重要问题的研究理念以提出了新设想,并提出将“人文地理学”改称为“人文与经济地理学”的建议。

关键词: 人文与经济地理学, 社会经济发展阶段, 重点领域, 新理念, 科学精神

Abstract:

To determine the direction and the field of research is the soul of discipline development. Humanistic and Economic Geography is a subject changing in both research field and even research direction. Recognition of research fields and disciplines for Humanistic and Economic Geography is essential. On the basis of combing the main branch development stage of Humanistic and Economic Geography in China for decades, the paper summarized the response of Humanistic and Economic Geography to the transformation development background of the social. On the one hand, the intersectionality of the discipline should be insisted, with the theory of ‘man-land’system as the direction and the combination of theory with practice being adhered. Humanistic and Economic Geography scholars should be with a new attitude and new vision, to think about the future development of discipline key fields, the development idea and the innovation of the theory and method. For the major problems which disciplines involved in a long time, strategic and consultative, predictive and summative work will gradually increase. In the paper, the development trend of some important fields such as information and social space economic organization, the new pattern of regional economy and‘New Urbanization’were expounded; some new ideas about ‘international hot spots’and ‘international frontier’, the theory research and the relationship between the theory and practice were proposed; and then the author put forward the suggestion that‘Humanistic Geography’to be renamed as‘Humanistic and Economic Geography’.

Key words: Humanistic and Economic Geography, social economic development stage, key field, new concept, scientific spirit

中图分类号: 

  • K901