地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 701-708.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.05.007

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环渤海地区海洋产业生态系统适应性时空演变及影响因素

李博1(), 张志强1, 苏飞2, 韩增林1   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连116029
    2.浙江工商大学旅游与城乡规划学院,浙江 杭州310018
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-09 修回日期:2017-03-13 出版日期:2017-05-25 发布日期:2017-05-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李博(1983-),女,吉林长春人,副教授,博士,主要从事区域发展和海洋经济地理研究。E-mail: libo_ok@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大课题(16JJD790021)、浙江省高校人文社科重点研究基地项目(JYTyyjj20160204)资助

Spatio-temporal Evolution and Influencing Factors of Marine Industrial Ecosystem Adaptability in the Bohai Sea Region

Bo Li1(), Zhiqiang Zhang1, Fei Su2, Zenglin Han1   

  1. 1. Study Center of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development,Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2.School of Tourism & Urban-Rural Planning Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China;
  • Received:2016-07-09 Revised:2017-03-13 Online:2017-05-25 Published:2017-05-25
  • Supported by:
    Major Project Based on Key Research Institute of Humanities&Social Science (16JJD790021), Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Zhejiang Province (JYTyyjj20160204)

摘要:

将产业生态系统引入到海洋研究中,开展海洋产业生态系统适应性研究,界定海洋产业生态系统适应性的内涵及特征;采用均方差赋权法进行权重赋值,构建海洋产业生态系统适应性评价指标体系与评估模型,分析环渤海地区海洋产业生态系统的适应性时空演变及影响因素。结果表明: 从整体来看,环渤海地区海洋产业生态系统适应性差异较大,主要问题是环渤海地区各省市海洋产业发展参差不齐,产业基础和发展速度差异较大,海洋生态环境建设水平不一; 从空间来看,海洋产业生态系统适应性呈现山东>辽宁>天津>河北的空间分布特征;在海洋产业子系统各要素中,呈现敏感性越大,弹性越大的特征,海洋环境子系统适应性特征不明显; 从时间来看,环渤海地区海洋产业生态系统适应性在波动中不断增强,各省市适应性综合指数差距呈现逐渐扩大的趋势,这种扩大的趋势是由于海洋产业子系统年均增长的差异所致; 区域内部海洋产业生态系统适应性差异明显:天津市海洋产业子系统适应性指数最高,海洋环境子系统发展水平滞后;河北省海洋产业、环境子系统适应性指数较低,海洋产业生态系统发展水平低;辽宁省海洋产业、环境子系统适应性指数较小,海洋产业、环境子系统发育较平衡;山东省海洋产业、环境子系统适应性指数较高,海洋产业生态系统发展水平高,海洋产业子系统发展迅速。

关键词: 海洋产业生态系统, 适应性, 环渤海地区, 均方差赋权法

Abstract:

The article establishes an adaptability assessment index and uses the variance weighting method for weight assignment. Based on the data of marine industry and environment in the Bohai Sea region, the article analyzes the marine industry ecosystem characteristics, types, and influencing factors in the Bohai Sea region. According to the model, the article obtains the adaptability characteristics of marine industry ecosystem in the Bohai Sea region. 1) From an overall viewpoint, the difference of adaptability of marine industrial system in the Bohai Sea region is relatively large. 2) From a view of space, the feature of adaptive spatial distribution in marine industry ecosystem shows the adaptive spatial distribution of Shandong>Liaoning>Tianjin>Hebei; In the industrial subsystem, it presents the adaptive spatial distribution of Tianjin>Shandong>Liaoning>Hebei; In the environmental subsystem, it presents the adaptive spatial distribution of Shandong>Liaoning>Tianjin>Hebei. 3) From a view of time, during 2006-2012, the adaptability of marine industry ecosystem in the Bohai Sea region increased, with a rising fluctuate. Comprehensive index of adaptation have a trend of expanding, for this trend, the main reason is the difference of the industrial system in adaptive growth. 4) From a view of specific provinces and city, according to the development of time, it concludes the characteristic of the development in specific province and city in marine industry ecosystem, analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of development. From the overall perspective, the adaptability is enhanced; the level of adaptation is promoted. By analyzing the coupling of Bohai marine industry and environment subsystem, the study obtains the marine industrial ecosystem level and adaptive characteristics, obtains the advantages and disadvantages of the marine industry ecosystem in the Bohai Sea region, thereby for the sustainable development provides countermeasures and suggestions in the Bohai Sea region.

Key words: marine industrial ecosystem, adaptability, the Bohai Sea region, variance weighting method

中图分类号: 

  • K902