地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 718-727.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.05.009

• • 上一篇    下一篇

河西走廊产业园区集群化发展机理研究——基于扎根理论分析

吕蕊1,2(), 石培基1(), 聂晓英1, 张学斌1   

  1. 1.西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 甘肃 兰州 730070
    2.兰州工业学院经济管理学院,甘肃 兰州 730050
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-18 修回日期:2016-10-05 出版日期:2017-05-25 发布日期:2017-05-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吕蕊(1982-),女,河北沧州人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为区域发展与规划管理。E-mail: ylr0319@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    甘肃省软科学项目(1604ZCRA005)、国家自然科学基金项目(41271133,41661035)资助

The Mechanism on Cluster Development of the Industrial Parks of the Hexi Corridor Based on the Grounded Theory

Rui Lyu1,2(), Peiji Shi1(), Xiaoying Nie1, Xuebin Zhang1   

  1. 1.College of Geography and Environment Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu, China
    2.Department of Management, Lanzhou Institute Technology, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China
  • Received:2016-06-18 Revised:2016-10-05 Online:2017-05-25 Published:2017-05-25
  • Supported by:
    Soft Science Project of Gansu Province (1604ZCRA005), National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41271133,41661035)

摘要:

基于扎根理论研究产业园区集群化发展现状与存在问题。研究发现,园区集群化发展需要园区企业有效利用其显性契约、强化关系契约,提升联合规划、联合解决问题的能力;提升河西走廊产业园区集群化发展水平要运用组织生态学中的内外因视角发现问题,使外因为内因变化提供更好的环境;依照产业园区集群化发展模型,增强企业根植性、创新性和开放性,强化园区企业契约关系,推动集群向创新集群发展。

关键词: 产业园区, 集群化发展, 扎根理论, 组织生态学, 关系契约理论

Abstract:

With China entering a period of new normal, the development of its economy has run into a new challenge, making industrial parks a major carrier of regional industry clusters. As regional industrial development sped up in various industrial parks along the Hexi Corridor, industrial structure convergence, obscure industrial advantage and many other problems have become increasingly conspicuous. Clustering is an effective way to realize dislocation development of industrial parks, as well as adjustment and optimization of regional industrial structure, thus to coordinate development among different types and scales of industrial parks scientifically to advance the adjustment of industrial structure along the Hexi Corridor, so we ought to recognize the level of clustering in the industrial parks and investigate the development status and formation mechanism of clustering. In this study, we described the cluster development mechanism of the industrial parks along the Hexi Corridor from the perspective of enterprise embeddedness, innovation driving force, open economy formation and industrial clustering by theoretical qualitative research through unstructured interviews. From the angle of enterprise geography, in accordance with the main points of organizational ecology and relational contract theory, we put forward four propositions: first, the level of enterprise embeddedness is low in the various industrial parks along the Hexi Corridor. It is hard for the enterprises to depend on each other based on non-trade relations since the regional “overall level” cannot provide sufficient external power for cluster growth. There is a lack of internal demand at the enterprise level that can promote cluster growth, the local embeddedness and netted clustering of enterprises are still at a low level, and there is not yet R&D, production or marketing system in the regional and local business environment; second, the independent innovation ability of the enterprises in the industrial parks along the Hexi Corridor has yet to be improved, so do the internal and external innovation environments. Third, the enterprises in the industrial parks along the Hexi Corridor are expected to have good prospects for internationalization, and inter-regional cooperation is being liberalized steadily at the present stage. The managers of industrial parks, as well as the operators of enterprises, who have a clear understanding of internationalization, have set a clear direction for internationalization and taken different strategies or paths to internationalize different industries; Fourth, as an effective means of promoting regional economic development, the cluster development of industrial parks is in line with the trend of regional industry integration along the Hexi Corridor. Research has shown that, to achieve cluster development, the enterprises in industrial parks need to make effective use of their explicit contracts, enforce their relational contracts, and enhance the ability of making planning and solving problems jointly; to boost the cluster development of the industrial parks along the Hexi Corridor, we should identify problems from a perspective of the internal and external factors in organizational ecology, so that external factors could provide a better environment for the changes of internal factors; enhance enterprise embeddedness, innovativeness and openness in accordance with the industrial cluster development model, and strengthen the contractual relationship between industries and enterprises, to upgrade cluster development to innovative cluster growth.

Key words: industrial park, industrial cluster, grounded theory, organizational ecology, relational contract theory

中图分类号: 

  • F127