地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1151-1158.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.08.004

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基于综合城镇化视角的省际人口迁移格局空间分析

刘颖1(), 邓伟1,2(), 宋雪茜3, 张少尧1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所山区发展研究中心, 四川 成都 610041
    2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3.成都信息工程大学管理学院, 四川 成都 610225
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-01 修回日期:2017-02-11 出版日期:2017-08-15 发布日期:2017-08-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘颖(1986-),女,四川成都人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事山区可持续发展研究。E-mail: liuying@imde.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471469)、中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所青年百人项目(SDSQB-2015-01)资助

Spatial Pattern of Interprovincial Population Migration from the Comprehensive Urbanization Perspective

Ying Liu1(), Wei Deng1,2(), Xueqian Song3, Shaoyao Zhang1,2   

  1. 1. Research Center for Mountain development, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Management, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2016-11-01 Revised:2017-02-11 Online:2017-08-15 Published:2017-08-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation (41471469), The Youth Talent Team Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS (SDSQB-2015-01).

摘要:

采用第五、第六次全国人口普查数据,基于流出、流入“双向”视角解析人口迁移格局及演变过程;采用空间计量模型,阐释综合城镇化及各城镇化分量值对省际人口迁移影响的空间效应。研究结果表明: 2000~2010年省际人口迁移量成倍增长,人口迁出区域空间不断扩散,迁入区域空间虽无明显变化,但内部差异性变化明显; 省际人口迁移存在明显的空间依赖性特征,省际人口净迁入率变化明显受周边地区的正向影响; 综合城镇化率变化对省际人口迁入有着重要作用。 人口、经济和土地城镇化率变化对人口净迁入率变化具有显著影响,且经济城镇化仍为影响省际人口迁移变化的主导因素;社会城镇化率的影响并不明显。

关键词: 城镇化, 劳动力转移, 人口迁移, 格局变化, 空间效应

Abstract:

The migration will bring a major change in population spatial distribution in the process of rapid urbanization. Based on the fifth and sixth national population census data, it analyzes flow direction and quantity of provincial population migration from “two-way” aspects in order to explain the spatial pattern and evolution of interprovincial population migration; Furthermore, on the basis of spatial autocorrelation analysis, it build spatial econometric model to analyze the effect of comprehensive urbanization and population urbanization, economic urbanization, land urbanization and social urbanization on interprovincial population migration. The results show that: 1) In the process of rapid development of urbanization in China,the quantity of interprovincial population migration visibly increase from 2000 to 2010; Emigration region tend to be scattered, while there is no significant change of ingoing region; 2) Interprovincial population migration has obvious characteristics of spatial dependence, and net immigration rate change is under the positive influence of surrounding areas; 3) Through the analysis of the spatial association between urbanization changes and interprovincial population migration changes, it verified comprehensive urbanization included the factors of population, economy, land and social play an important role on interprovincial population immigration; 4) The changes of population, economy and land urbanization has significant effects on population immigration, however social urbanization is not obvious. In the multi-dimensional component of urbanization, economy urbanization is still dominant factors that affect the change of interprovincial population migration.

Key words: urbanization, labor transfer, migration, pattern evolution, spatial effect

中图分类号: 

  • K901.3