地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1363-1373.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.09.009

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广交会对星级酒店房价影响的时空分异研究——以第117和118届广交会为例

周李1,2(), 张清源1, 朱其静1, 陆林1()   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 安徽 芜湖 241003
    2. 北京师范大学地理科学学部, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-21 修回日期:2017-03-20 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周李(1988-),男,安徽宣城人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理与旅游规划。E-mail: 704145369@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)资助

Spatio-temporal Differentiation in the Effects of Canton Fair on Hotel Prices: A Case Study of the 117th and 118th Canton Fair

Li Zhou1,2(), Qingyuan Zhang1, Qijing Zhu1, Lin Lu1()   

  1. 1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China
    2. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2016-09-21 Revised:2017-03-20 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20
  • Supported by:
    The State Key Program of National Nature Sciences Foundation of China (41230631).

摘要:

基于艺龙网酒店房价数据和问卷调查数据,运用数理统计方法以及反距离权重插值法,研究第117和118届广交会举办前后广州市主城区699家星级酒店客房价格变动的时空分异特征。研究表明:广交会举办一、二、三期形成3个谷峰,休会期形成谷底,总体呈现“三升三降”态势,展会期间酒店星级越高,房价的涨幅越大。广交会举办期间不同星级酒店房价热点区不同;酒店房价空间分布呈圈层式结构,以琶洲馆为中心呈现明显的距离衰减规律。酒店房价影响因素主要包括与会者需求、酒店类型、城市交通与展馆距离、商圈及生态环境、区域发展战略与方针政策等。酒店房价可以作为测度大型展会对城市影响的重要指标。

关键词: 重大事件, 广交会, 广州, 酒店房价, 时空分异, 影响因素

Abstract:

Based on the e-long hotel rates and survey data, using mathematical and spatial analysis in inverse distance weighting interpolation methods, the spatio-temporal differentiation features of Guangzhou main city 699 star hotels before and after the 117th and the 118th Canton Fair are studied. Results shows that: 1) During the fair forms three peaks, the recess forms the bottom. Overall presents “three-liter three-down” situation. In addition, the higher the star, the greater the increase. Star hotel prices did not dramatically rise on the May Day and National Day. Hotel prices on National Day rose much lower than the show. 2) Different star hotels have different hot-spots of price during the Canton fair. Hotel prices’ spatial distribution shows circle structure. It takes Pazhou as the center and shows distance attenuation law significantly. The downtown area has higher hotel prices and it increases greatly than the edge. It is higher along the metro station, shopping district, railway stations and sports center. And extend towards the south trend obviously. 3) Different factors affect different directions on hotel prices. Hotel type have an impact on hotel prices increase. The degree of convenient transportation and distance from exhibition hall affect the hotel prices directly. In addition, distance from the business district and its surrounding natural environment affect the price fluctuation. Regional development strategies and policies are the key factors that affect the hotel prices. Each of the elements intertwined with each other affects the hotel prices trend. 4) Hotel prices can be used as an important indicator to measure the impact of large exhibition on the city.

Key words: mega-events, Canton Fair, Guangzhou, hotel prices, spatio-temporal differentiation, influencing factors

中图分类号: 

  • F59