地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1374-1381.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.09.010

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供给侧改革背景下的黑龙江省旅游需求和旅游供给耦合协调发展

于洪雁1(), 刘继生2   

  1. 1.牡丹江师范学院经济与管理学院, 黑龙江 牡丹江157011
    2.东北师范大学地理科学学院, 吉林 长春130024
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-03 修回日期:2017-01-10 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:于洪雁(1984-),女,黑龙江哈尔滨人,讲师,博士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理、旅游经济。E-mail:yuhongyanml@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471111)、黑龙江省教育厅备案项目(2017)资助

Coupling Coordination Development of Tourism Demand and Supply of Heilongjiang Province at the Background of Supply-side Reform

Hongyan Yu1(), Jisheng Liu2   

  1. 1.College of Economics and Management, Mudanjiang Normal University, Mudanjiang 157011, Heilongjiang, China
    2.School of Geography Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2016-11-03 Revised:2017-01-10 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41471111), Prepartion Project Education Department of Heilongjiang Province (2017).

摘要:

在供给侧结构性改革背景下,依据耦合协调原理与模型,构建旅游供需评价指标体系,对黑龙江省旅游供需发展水平和耦合协调关系进行分析。研究表明:旅游需求和供给系统综合发展指数波动上升,发展态势良好; 旅游供需耦合协调度平稳增长,耦合协调等级经历轻度失调-濒临失调-勉强协调-初步协调;旅游供给滞后为历史特征,旅游需求滞后渐显扩大; 旅游需求和旅游供给各子系统耦合协调等级介于勉强协调与初级协调阶段;旅游供给子系统相对滞后,且交通供给滞后更为凸显。

关键词: 旅游需求, 旅游供给, 耦合协调模型, 供给侧

Abstract:

As the two elements of tourism economic system, it is of great significance to seek the balance and coordinate the relationship between tourism demand and supply. At the background of supply-side structural reform and according to the coupling coordination principal,the comprehensive evaluation index system of tourism demand and supply should be built and coupling coordination model is used to measure and evaluate the development level and relationship of tourism demand and supply of Heilongjiang Province. The research shows that: 1) From the point of view of the overall development of the tourism supply and demand system, from 2004 to 2014 the two systems of Heilongjiang Province rise in wave and the comprehensive development situation is good. The tourism demand system has low stability, high elasticity and strong restoring ability. The tourism supply system has significantly improved and the stability has highlighted. 2) From the point of view of the coupling coordination development of tourism supply and demand, from 2004 to 2014 the coupling coordination degree is steadily rising and coupling coordination level has experienced four stages: mild disorder-on the verge of disorder-barely coordination-preliminary coordination; the two systems has been from disorder to order, from the disorder to coordinate. In the tourism supply and demand type, the tourism supply lag is the historical characteristic and demand lag fade in expanding trend. 3) From the point of view of the structure of the coupling coordination development, the tourism demand and supply subsystem steadily increase and it is between barely coordination and preliminary coordination development stage. Compared with the tourism demand system, the tourism core reception subsystem give priority to develop, the tourism environment subsystem synchronously develop, the tourism service subsystem is relatively backward and the tourism transportation subsystem is badly lagged behind. Hereto, it is necessary to focus on boosting the structural reform of tourism supply side, optimize the structure of supply and improve supply efficiency for Heilongjiang Province. On the one hand, to increase the quantity of effective supply, we should not only pay attention to develop new tourism products, but also focus on making up for the lack of tourism core supply. On the other hand, to adjust the structure of tourism supply, the tourism supply focus on building the core tourism supply and environmental supply for a long time, and the supply of tourism services and transportation is seriously inadequate and become short. On the basis of supply and demand docking, according to the sequence of tourism transportation - travel services - tourism environment - tourism core reception, we need step-by-step and rhythmically to adjust the structure of tourism supply and to realize efficient development of tourism supply from the node to the whole domain, which is the stimulus "strong impetus" of tourism demand.

Key words: tourism demand, tourism supply, coupling coordination model, supply-side

中图分类号: 

  • F590