地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1469-1477.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.10.003

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基于创新“二分法”的中国装备制造业创新网络研究

林兰1(), 曾刚2, 吕国庆3()   

  1. 1.上海社会科学院城市与人口发展研究所, 上海 200020
    2.华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院, 上海 200062
    3. 上海市农业科学院农业科技信息研究所, 上海 201403
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-02 修回日期:2017-02-10 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:林兰(1975-),女,江苏南京人,研究员,博士,主要从事技术扩散、产业创新和城市创新研究。E-mail:linlan@sass.org.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41371147)、德国科学基金会(DFG)项目(LI 981/8-1 AOBJ:595493)、中德博士后奖学金项目(201600260053)资助

Innovation Network of the Chinese Equipment Manufacturing Industry: Based on the Dichotomy of Innovation

Lan Lin1(), Gang Zeng2, Guoqing Lyu3()   

  1. 1. Institute of Urban and Population Development, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Shanghai 200020, China
    2.School of Urban & Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. Information Research Institute of Science and Technology, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 201403, China
  • Received:2016-11-02 Revised:2017-02-10 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41371147), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (LI 981/8-1 AOBJ: 595493), Sino-German (CSC-DAAD) Postdoc Scholarship Program (201600260053)

摘要:

从创新“二分法”的研究视角出发,研究知识学习(STI)和经验学习(DUI)对中国装备制造业创新网络构建的影响。研究表明:① 从网络结构看,DUI是装备制造业创新结网的主要方式,产业伙伴比知识伙伴更重要。② 从空间尺度看,STI和DUI的区域合作均重于本地合作;国家层面是中国装备制造业创新合作的最佳空间尺度。③ 从环境需求看,优化本地创新资源并不能有效增强网络创新能力。研究指出,培育DUI创新绝对优势、重视区域创新协同合作、推动符合产业创新特点的环境建设与制度安排将有助于中国装备制造业创新能力提升。

关键词: 创新网络, STI, DUI, 装备制造业

Abstract:

Innovation network, which can utilize internal and external resources, has become the hot spot in the research field. From the perspective of economic geography, there are two main research branches, namely new regionalism and global production network. To be brief, the former emphasizes local network and the embeddness of innovation linkage, while the latter underlines the global connection and the great power of leading Multinational Corporation. Since 2000, more and more scholars have paid more attention to one-sidedness of single scale. Hence, some new theories on the dynamic and the spatial character of innovation network have begun to emerge, such as the “local buzz-global pipeline”, “beyond new regionalism”, “GPN2.0” etc. Most research, however, didn't notice the different composition and spatial of network derived from the diverse types of industry and their innovation mode. Inspired by the Innovation Dichotomy, namely STI (Science, Technology, Innovation) and DUI (Doing, Using, Interacting), which is related with different approaches, techniques, and scales where the partners located, this article takes China equipment manufacturing industry as the empirical case and focuses on how STI/DUI influences the construction of innovation network and the development of innovation capability. By means of 388 questionnaires, the article employs descriptive statistical analysis, clustering method and regression analysis to reach the following three conclusions: Firstly, as the typical producer-driven and technology-driven industry, DUI works as the dominant way on the construction of innovation network, which results in the industry partner is more important than knowledge one; The objective of a start-up firm is existence to choose DUI-mode partners, and the cooperation with STI-mode partners will rise along with its innovation development. Secondly, from the side of spatial scale, regional cooperation happens more frequent than local cooperation either in STI or DUI, and hence ‘cluster illusion’ exists; Meanwhile, national partners turn to be the optimal choice for the firms and the effect of administrative boundary, namely province and city is waning. Thirdly, state-owned and the big privately owned enterprises, generally speaking, can get the dominant or recessive government supports to be more innovative. The results of innovation atmosphere are consistent with the expectation that firms benefit from interacting with a wide range of trans-local partners, particularly international, both for scientific and technological network. While government support, the level of R&D investments or education in the city in which the firm is located are related with radical innovation, does not have any direct effect on its potential for innovation network. At last, the article raises some corresponding policy suggestions to optimize and enhance the innovation of China equipment manufacturing industry, which respectively are cultivating the superiority of DUI, weakening local networking while encouraging regional innovation cooperation, establishing the institution system to meet the need of the industry.

Key words: innovation network, STI, DUI, equipment manufacturing industry

中图分类号: 

  • F224